This sculpture is from a (partial) set of sixteen arhats. The hair tied in a bun and the position of the hands, although unusual, suggest this could be Rahula, Shakyamuni’s son, who would have held a tiara before his heart (compare here).
Abheda always holds a miniature stupa in both hands, at heart level.
We saw an arhat seated with both legs pendent and both hands before his heart labelled ‘Bakula’ at the Israel Museum , but Bakula holds a jewel-spitting mongoose in his lap or in one of his hands. This may be Angaja (see next image).
From a different set but with the same iconography. According to Christie’s, he has an incense burner with a griffin handle at his feet. This would explain the confusion with Bakula and his mongoose. Both the Israel Museum figure and this one have a staff tucked under their garment, against their left shoulder. The only arhat related to an incense burner is Angaja (compare with another one we saw on HAR ).
In Tibet, Pantaka makes the gesture of debate with his right hand and has the left hand in the gesture of meditation to support a manuscript.
The iconography for Vajriputra and Vanavasin is the same: the right hand makes a pointing gesture, the other holds a fly whisk (now lost).
It is difficult to know who this is without the implements he had in his hands.
Pindola Bharadvaja holds a bowl in his left hand and a (missing) manuscript in the other.
Circa 18th century, Tibet, arhat, copper (with cold gold and pigment), item R.579 at the Indian Museum in Kolkata (India).
Always part of a set with the arhats (and Shakyamuni), Hvashang is not an arhat himself but their patron. This smiling pot-bellied character often holds a persimmon fruit in one hand, as above, and is usually surrounded with children.