8th-9th century, Nepal, Kathmandu Valley, Avalokiteshvara, copper alloy, at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York (USA).
The bodhisattva of wisdom in his padmapani form, holding a large lotus bud and expressing generosity with his right hand. The smooth finish, elegant proportions, sobriety of the work, together with the almond-shaped halo fastened to his back, are typical of the Licchavi period.
12th century, Nepal, Padmapani (Avalokiteshvara), gilt bronze with stone inlay, private collection, photo by Polyauction
During the Transitional Period, the hips and chest expanded a little, the clothes and accessories became more showy, with gilding, chased motifs and stone cabochons. The above has an effigy of Amitabha in his crown.
13th-14th century, Northwest Nepal or Southwest Tibet, Avalokiteshvara, bronze (copper alloy), at the Linden Museum in Stuttgart (Germany), photo by Daderot on wikicommons https://commons.wikimedia.org
13th-14th century, Nepal, Padmapani (Avalokiteshvara), gilt bronze with stones, private collection, photo by Christie’s.
14th century, Nepal, Padmapani (Avalokiteshvara), gilt bronze with stones, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.
The tribhanga posture was adopted by Nepalese artists during the Malla period (not always successfully). In most cases, the hand that expresses generosity or reassurance is held well away from the body.
14th-15th century, Nepal, Padmapani (Avalokiteshvara), gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Polyauction .
15th-16th century, Nepal, Padmapani (Avalokiteshvara), bronze, private collection, photo by Casa Cambi d’Aste https://www.cambiaste.com .
15th-16th century, Nepal, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Galerie Zacke.Avalokiteshvara standing on a single lotus base, behind him a typical prabhamandala decorated with attendants, makaras, naga kings and a garuda at the top.
16th-17th century, Nepal, Padmapani Lokeshvara, stone, at the Patan Museum (Nepal), photo from http://sjoneall.net
An impressive figure with flaming arch and halo, adorned with floral accessories and an effigy of Amitabha in his headdress, holding the stem of a large lotus flower matched by two shorter lotuses stemming from the pedestal, the front of which is decorated with kneeling figures (devotees and/or donors).
17th century, Nepal, Avalokiteshvara, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with cold gold, at the Asian House of Chicago.
A late Indian-style padmapani with Amitabha in his chignon, adorned with floral jewellery and dressed in a richly incised ankle-length dhoti held in place with a festooned belt with pendants.
16th century, Nepal, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.
The eleven-head form with eight arms, the main hands held at heart level, two of the remaining right hands doing a symbolical gesture, the top one holding a dharma wheel, the left hands holding a lotus, a pot of water and another attribute, possibly a bow (according to textual sources).
16th-17th century, Nepal, 11-head Avalokiteshvara, ivory, at the Stuttgart Museum, photo by Karl Heinrich on wikimedia
Only five and a half heads and two arms remain on this example made of ivory.