Tibet, Shakyamuni -seated (23)

13th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, wood, private collection, photo on Astamangala

14th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller, sale A175AS lot 104.

The historical buddha seated on a lotus base, a vajra sceptre placed before him, holding a bowl and calling Earth to witness his enlightenment. His robe, decorated with a beaded and incised border, is worn rather low down and  the fabric is loosely  gathered in the crook of his elbow.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo on Sotheby’s

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze with turquoise inlay, private collection, photo by Nagel, sale 103 China 1.

A variant, with the right shoulder covered but the chest and arm bare.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s, Paris, Arts d’Asie 6th December 2007.

17th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), at the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne (Australia).

Tibet, crowned Shakyamuni – seated (8)

14th-15th century, Tibet, Crowned Buddha, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo on Ethereal .

14th-15th century, Tibet or Nepal, gilt copper, private collection, photo on Bruun Rasmussen .

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Lempertz, sale 1136 lot 587.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze, private collection, photo  Philippe Delalande.

16th century possibly, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze with cold gold and pigments, private collection, photo on Dreweatts .

Tibet, Shakyamuni – unusual works (9)

11th century, Western Tibet, Guge kingdom, Shakyamuni, brass, private collection, after G. Tucci in Tibet, Land of Snows, London 1967, ill. p 177.

An early and powerful image of the historical buddha with Pala-style facial features, his urna slightly off centre above the unibrow, a large lotus bud finial on his chingon, his tight-fitting robe decorated with a zig-zag incision along the hem, the punched navel and the straight waist of his lower garment showing through the thin fabric, two layers of cloth gathered in thick folds below his ankles.

13th-14th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, bronze with silver inlay, private collection, photo by Nagel, sale 736 China 4.

A dark bronze figure with silver-inlaid eyes and a very thick unibrow, no urna, no nipples (as is often the case on early Tibetan works), seated on an unusual lotus base with a row of beading between the two lotuses and more beading at the top and at the bottom. The small piece of cloth over his left shoulder forms a geometrical shape with a pointed end. We will note the small feet and the thick hands with three fingers almost the same length.

17th-18th century (or earlier?), Tibet, Shakyamuni, bronze (brass with silver-inlaid or painted eyes?), private collection, photo isabelle Bresset on artcurial

Seated on a double-lotus base with small plump petals associated with the (circa) 12th century, his pile of thick hair curls topped with a double lotus bud finial, no nipples visible, this buddha with delicate hands wears an inner and an outer robe with a thick hem, and a lower garment with an embroidered border. A raised urna is placed at the centre of his thin unibrow.

17th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, ivory with traces of gilding, private collection, photo on Beaussant-Lefèvre

A rare ivory sculpture of the historical buddha seated on a squarish lotus base, his right foot in an unnatural position, a long piece of fabric going over his left shoulder and down his chest.

17th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, separate base, private collection, photo by Koller.

Instead of a plain or patched robe, this buddha with large limbs wears a garment made of long strips of fabric sewn together.

18th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, steatite with red and black lacquer, private collection, photo on Drouot .

A rare stone sculpture of a buddha with a cloak knotted at the front and covering both shoulders.

Tibet, crowned buddha (6)

14th-15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, brass, private collection, photo on Millon .

Unlike buddhas with a bodhisattva appearance, the crowned historical buddha wears a sanghati and either no jewellery (especially in Tibet) or just some earrings and sometimes a necklace. The above has a five-leaf crown with three jewels at the front and his low chignon is topped with a rather disproportionate lotus bud finial. We will note the sharp unibrow and the large raised urna on his forehead.

14th-15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), property from the estate of Brook Astor, photo on Sotheby’s .

This buddha with broad limbs and harmonious proportions was very likely cast by a Newari artist. His thick snail-like curls are topped with a minute lotus bud finial.

15th century, Tibet, crowned buddha, gilt copper alloy with turquoise inlay, private collection, photo on Bonhams .

A rare and curious case of a crown with six leaves, each with an effigy of a buddha. Since the standard crown represents the five wisdom buddhas, we may assume that the sixth character is Shakyamuni himself.

From left to right the first buddha does the gesture of supreme generosity with his right hand, the second ‘turns the wheel of dharma‘ with both hands, the third seems to have both hands cupped but on close inspection he probably touches the ground with his right hand, which could correspond to Ratnasambhava, Vairocana and Akshobhya.

The fourth buddha also does the dharmacakra mudra, the fifth has both hands in the meditation gesture, the sixth  does the fear-allaying gesture, which could correspond to Shakyamuni preaching, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, bronze, private collection, photo on   Drouot

18th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni (labelled ‘Amitabha’), copper repoussé with cold gold and pigments, private collection, photo by Gros & Delettrez.

Tibet, crowned buddha (5)

9th century (or later?), Kashmir (Kashmir school in Western Tibet?), Shakyamuni, bronze, private collection, photo on  Hardt .

A rare sculpture of a standing crowned buddha, almost identical to a 12th century sculpture from Western Tibet, published by Christie’s and seen in a previous post. He stands on a Kashmiri-style stepped pedestal decorated with a singular row of lotus petals and an incised motif at the front. Other features that differ from Kashmiri standards are the large wide-open eyes, the shape of the rosettes on each side of the crown and the hem, with large beading and jewel pendants instead of tassels, on the three-pointed neckline of his garment.

Tibet, Shakyamuni – variants (3)

15th century (or earlier?), Tibet, Shakyamuni, bronze with silver and copper inlay, private collection, photo on Hardt

The historical buddha dressed in a transparent robe that reveals the waist of his undergarment, his lips and the border of his robe inlaid with copper, his eyes and urna inlaid with silver, seated on a tall lotus base with plump petals, all of which we have often seen on early (13th-14th century) works from Tibet. We have only seen a few early buddhas seated on a beaded cushion as above, most of them dated 13th century.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, bronze with silver inlay, private collection, photo on Nagel .

One of a group of buddhas seated on a double-lotus base with elongated petals with a sharply pointed end, displaying the same type of facial features and hairstyle, the undergarment tightly pleated under the breast, the sanghati decorated with an incised border, a small vajra sceptre placed on top of the seat.

15th century, Western Tibet, Shakyamuni, bronze, at the Cleveland Museum of Art (USA).

This rare image depicts the historical buddha with a jewelled finial (and no hair bun or chignon), wearing a diaphanous robe with part of the cloth falling vertically on the left side.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gitl bronze with cold gold and pigment, private collection, photo by Nagel.

A plain robe with an incised hem and a section of the cloth arranged in two scallop-shaped layers over his left shoulder.

15th century, Western Tibet, Shakyamuni, bronze (brass), with copper inlay, private collection, photo by Andrew Lau for Hollywood Galleries

A copper-inlaid hem and a classic ‘swallow tail’ draping over the left shoulder.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by 25 Blythe Road.

A sanghati with a multitude of soft pleats across the chest and left arm.

16th c. cir., Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze, 20,5 cm, MC Daffos, aaoarts.com

Circa 16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Marie-Catherine Daffos for aaoarts  

The classic patched robe with beaded seams.

17th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Polyauction.

With a very loosely draped robe, disproportionate arms and torso, an elongated neck and face, all of which help date the piece.

18th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper repoussé, private collection, photo by Nagel, sale 104 China 2.

Dressed in silk clothing draped in the Chinese fashion.

Tibet, crowned Shakyamuni – seated (7)

Undated, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Ravenel.

The historical buddha wearing a five-leaf crown tied with long ribbons and decorated with large rosettes, no earrings or necklace,  dressed in a sanghati with an incised hem, his right hand calling Earth to witness, the other cupped in the gesture of meditation.

Undated, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), at the Tibet House Museum in New Delhi, photo on Himalayan Art Resources, item 71797.

A similar depiction, with a small vajra sceptre before him half embedded in the lotus base.

Mid 15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze with turquoise and lapis lazuli, at the Toledo Museum in Ohio (USA).

On quite a few of these broad-shouldered Nepalese-style sculptures produced during the 14th and 15th century approximatley, the buddha has a tear-shaped urna on his forehead and wears a minimal tiara, consisting in a head band, plain or with a chased pattern, side rosettes and a central decoration or several stone cabochons.

17th-18th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni (labelled ‘Amitabha’), bronze, private collection, photo by Henry’s Auktionshaus.

The historical buddha, crowned and holding a begging bowl in both hands.