17th-18th century (or later?), Mongolia, Begtse Chen, gilt bronze, private collection, photo on Arman Antiques .
Begtse Chen, clad in Mongolian armour and thick boots, stands on a horse and a human victim, brandishing a sword and holding the heart of an enemy of the faith. He is adorned with a five-skull crown and a garland of severed heads.
Traditionally, the hilt of his sword is shaped like a scorpion.
An unusual depiction of Mahakala, standing straight instead of squatting, holding a flaying knife and a skull cup before his chest, the danda staff across his arms now lost.
The ‘secret accomplishment’ form of Hayagriva, particularly worshipped in Mongolia, with three heads, each with three eyes and a neighing horse’s head in the hair, six hands holding attributes and six or eight legs crushing nagas. He wears a tiger skin loin cloth, an elephant hide and a human hide over his back, skull crowns, stone-inlaid accessories including two Chinese-style ornaments with a wheel-of-dharma design, a snake used a sacred cord. Only his ritual staff and some flames remain in his hand, the latter possibly specific to Mongolia. His other attributes were likely a sword, a vajra sceptre, a lasso of intestine, a spear.