Yamantaka is a generic term including three entities: Black Yamari, Red Yamari, Vajrabhairava.
14th century, Tibet, Krishna Yamari, copper alloy with red pigment, private collection, photo on Hollywood Galleries
The three-head and six-hand form of Krishna (black) Yamari without his consort normally has two legs, on this rare sculpture he has four. In his right hands he holds a dead body, an axe and a knife. His other attributes vary depending on the school of buddhism and the country and may include a noose, a wheel, a vajra sceptre and/or a staff or a club, a pestle.
Circa 14th century, Tibet, Yamari, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Marie-Catherine Daffos for aaoarts
Equally rare is this Yamari brandishing a stick topped with two skulls and a severed head like a khatvanga (long ritual staff). The threatening gesture and noose in his left hand identify him as the one-head and two-hand Krishna Yamari, who normally has a human face and stands on a male buffalo crushing a victim.
15th century, Tibet, Rakta Yamari, gilt copper and pigment, copper pedestal, private collection, photo on Hanhai Auction
Usually in embrace with his consort, Rakta (red) Yamari either holds a staff with a human head or a flaying knife in his right hand, a skull cup in the other. The couple stands on a prostrate bull, sometime with a corpse on it. He wears a tiger skin loin cloth and a garland of severed heads, she wears bone apron and a garland of skull.
15th century, Tibet, Yamatanka, gilt bronze with turquoise and pigments, private collection, photo by Polyauction .
Vajrabhairava, the ithyphallic buffalo-headed form of Yamantaka, may be alone and have one head and two hands, in which he holds a flaying knife and a skull cup. He has three eyes, orange flaming hair, bared fangs, a curled tongue, and wears a five-skull crown, bone ornaments and a garland of severed heads.
The above has long strands of hair falling over his shoulders and a long snake worn as a sacred thread.
15th century, Tibet, Vajrabhairava, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with pigment, private collection, photo by Christie’s.
An extremely rare sculpture of Vajrabhairava with three heads, one buffalo and two human ones, six arms and two legs. His main hands hold a flaying knife and skull cup, the middle ones hold a drum and a tridanda (trident made of lotus stalks), the upper ones are held as if to stretch an elephant hide, now missing, across his back.
Unlabelled (circa 15th century, Tibet, Vajrabhairava, brass with cold gold and pigments), private collection, item 3218 on Himalayan Art Resources, photo by Hanhai Auction.
The popular 9-head, and 34-hand form, a buffalo head as his main head, holding a flaying knife, a skull cup, peaceful and wrathful implements, his sixteen legs treading on animals and gods.
16th century, Tibet, Vajrabhairava, bronze with cold gold and pigments, private collection, photo on Christie’s
An unusual work with nine heads and eighteen arms, the upper hands holding an elephant hide across his back, the main hands holding a flaying knife and a skull cup before his heart, the remaining left hands hold, from top to bottom, Brahma’s head, a shield, a limb, a noose, a coiled rope?, a bell, the remaining right hands holding various implements including a triratna, a staff, an arrow, an axe.
He wears a bone apron with heads dangling from it.