Tibet, Marpa Chokyi Lodrö (3)

Undated, Tibet, lama, brass with silver and copper inlay, photo on Auction ArtAn elderly Marpa, seated at ease on a cushion covered with a blanket, his thick hair combed back, his clothes covering both arms (indicating that he was a layman, not a monk) and decorated with silver and copper roundels and silver-beaded seams.

16th century, Tibet, Marpa Chokyi Lodro, stone (with cold gold and pigments), photo by Hanhai Auction on HAR .

Few sculptures depict him as a younger man. The above has a moustache and wears earrings. His is seated on a small cushion atop a plinth decorated with a gilt motif and gems. He wears an unusual open-breast garment on top of his gown and a meditation cloak over his shoulders.

17th century, Tibet, Marpa, silver, private collection, photo on Artkhade

This famous Tibetan teacher (lama) and translator (lotsawa) is often shown frowning and with both hands over his knees.

Undated, Tibet Marpa Chokyi Lodro, metal (brass), private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources See biographical notes on HAR and on Treasury of Lives

 

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Tibet, Jigten Sumgon (Rinchen Pel)

13th century, Tibet, Jigten Sumgon, copper alloy with cold gold, private collection, photo by Andre Lau for Hollywood Galleries .

A brass sculpture of the founder of the Drigung Kagyu school in full monastic attire, one of his bare feet uncovered, his right hand calling Earth to witness, the other held in the meditation gesture, like the historical buddha.

13th century, Tibet, Jigten Sumgon, gilt copper alloy, photo by Bruce M. White, at the Rubin Museum of Art in New York (USA).

Quite a different style, with gilding yet wearing patched garments.

13th century, Tibet, Jigten Sumgon, copper alloy with cold gold, at the Musée Guimet in Paris (France) photo by P. Pleynet, published on issuu

Seated in the same pose, on a stepped lion throne with stone-inlaid visvajras at the top and on the plinth, its backplate or prabhamandala decorated with viyalas, makaras and a garuda at the top…

… a vajra sceptre placed before him on the lotus base.

13th century, Tibet, Jigten Sumgon, gilt copper with cold gold, turquoise, lapis lazuli, glass, is or was at Lhasa (Tibet), published by Ulrich von Schroeder, photo on issuu.

This type of throne seems to have been particularly popular in Tibet during the 13th century to give prestige to famous lamas.

Tibet, famous lamas (17)

16th-17th century, Tibet, Tsugla(g) Gyatso, gilt bronze, private collection, photo on AJ Speelman.

Identified through an inscription on the base, Tsuglag/Tsuklak Gyatso, the third ‘pawo rinpoche’, holds a manuscript in his left hand and displays a wheel incised in the palm of his right hand, whose fingers express debate/teaching.

18th century, Tibet, Gampopa, painted wood, at the Newark Museum (USA).

The founder of the Kagyu order is depicted with a wide gaze and frowning eyebrows, his right hand calling Earth to witness, the other in the gesture of meditation.

16th century, Tibet, Tsang province, Kunga Drolchog, metal (brass), is or was at the Matho monastery, photo on HAR , biographical notes on Himalayan Art

A portrait of a deified Kunga Drolchog holding the stem of lotuses that support a vajra sceptre and a bell.

Undated (circa 16th century?), Tibet, Kunga Drolchog, bronze with turquoise inlay, item 7891 on HAR.

The same lama, holding a flaming jewel in his left hand.

16th-17th century, Tibet, Jamyang Palden Rinchen, gilt bronze, private collection, photo on Sotheby’s

An inscription on the lotus base identifies this Tibetan teacher who, according to Sotheby’s, lived during the 15th century.

18th century, Tibet, Dragpa Gyaltsen, gilt bronze with silver and copper inlay, at the British Museum in London (UK).

This teacher usually holds a vajra sceptre and a bell in his hands crossed over his heart and wears a layman’s attire (covering both arms).

See biographical notes on HAR

 

Tibet, Zhangton Chobar (2)

Circa 15th century, Tibet, Shangton Chobar, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

When smiling, this lamdre teacher has a characteristic gap between his upper front teeth.

Undated (circa 15th century), Tibet, Shangton Chobar, (gilt) metal, private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

A very similar portrait, with his mouth closed (and visible nipples).

17th century, Shangton Chobar, Tibet, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

This figure with an elongated torso and thin waist is identified as Shangton/Zhangton Chobar through an inscription at the back of the lotus base. See biographical notes on Treasury of Lives

Tibet, Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen (2)

15th century, Tibet, Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen, metal private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

Almost identical to a 15th century brass sculpture with silver and copper inlay at the Fondation Alain Bordier (seen in a previous post) this work depicts the fourth abbot of the Jonang monastery as a plump elderly man wearing the full monastic garb and holding a rosary in his left hand.

His nails, rosary, some upper seams and the symbols (mostly Kalachakra tantra letters) on his clothes are inlaid with silver; the border of his garments is inlaid with copper.

15th century, Tibet, Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen, metal (brass), private collection, photo on HAR

Another almost identical work, without silver inlay. His rosary, the decorative elements and the border on his clothes are inlaid with copper.

14th-15th century, Tibet, Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen, painted clay, private collection, photo on Peaceful Wind

Undated, Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen and disciples, (painted clay?), is or was at Gyantse (Tibet), photo on Jonang Foundation

 

Tibet, Sonam Lhundrup (3)

16th century, Tibet, Tsang province, Sonam Lhundrup, brass (with silver and copper-inlaid eyes, copper-inlaid lips), private collection, photo on  Himalayan Art Resources

Sonam Lhundrup is portrayed as a deified lama, holding the stem of lotuses that support the hilt of a sword to his right and a manuscript to his left, his right hand doing the gesture of generosity, the other holding a single flaming jewel.

15th-16th century, Western or Central Tibet, Sonam Lhundrup probably, copper alloy with traces of pigments, at the Freer Sackler Galleries of the Smithonian Institute in Washington DC (USA).

Probably the same lama holding a triple flaming jewel (triratna)

First half of the 16th century, Tibet, Sonam Lhundrup, Tibet, (labelled Nepal), Mustang, brass with copper, silver and turquoise inlay, private collection, photo and details on  issuu

Sönam Lhundrup was born in the ancient Tibetan kingdom of Lo (an enclave in present-day Nepal).

Undated (circa 16th century?), Sonam Lhundrup, Tibet, Tsang province, private collection, photo by Mossgreen.

Tibet, Sonam Tsemo (2)

16th century, Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, bronze (copper alloy, cold gold and pigments), private collection, photo by Sotheby’s, on Himalayan Art Resources.Since he was not a monk, lama Sonam Tsemo (the son of Sachen Kunga Gyaltsen and brother of Dragpa Gyaltsen) is depicted with both arms covered.

16th century, Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, metal, private collection, photo on HAR

Late 15th century, Tibet, Mustang, Sonam Tsemo, copper alloy with cold gold and pigments, is or was at the Namgyal monastery, photo by Christian Luczanits on SOAS

Undated, Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, private collection, item 8092 on Himalayan Art Resources.