Tibet, various hierarchs (2)

12th century or later, Tibet, Karmapa 1, Düsum Khyenpa, bronze, private collection, photo on Hardt .

A portrait of the first karmapa, Düsum Khyenpa, in full monastic attire, his right hand calling Earth to witness, the left hand held in the meditation gesture, his eyes inlaid with silver, his lips and the hem and seams of his garment inlaid with copper, in the style of 13th and 14th century Tibetan sculptures (defined as ‘Monastic Period’ works on Himalayan Art Resources) but with different body proportions, a larger lotus base with copper beading on the rim, and a plain hat. The same item is labelled ’14th century, Sino-Tibetan’ on Leclère .

16th-17th century, Tibet, Karmapa 1, Düsum Khyenpa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Christie’s.The same personage, his right hand doing the gesture of debate/teaching, the other supporting a (missing) book, dressed in silk garments with an embroidered border.

16th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt metal with cold gold and pigments, private collection, photo on  HAR  

A non-identified karmapa, wearing the traditional black lotus hat with a visvajra symbol at the front and a crescent moon-and-sun disc symbol above it (barely visible here).

16th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt metal, private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

A singular sculpture of a hierarch seated on a throne with both legs pendent, his feet placed on a lotus platform attached to the base, holding the stem of lotuses. The crescent moon-and-sun disc symbol is at the front of his hat, there may be a visvajra above.

Unlabelled (15th or 16th century, Tibet, lama, copper alloy with silver eyes and copper lips), Tsang province, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

A rare image of a hierarch with a large urna (the stone now missing), holding a long-life vase in his left hand. His lotus hat is decorated with a sun-and-moon symbol at the front and topped with a half-vajra finial.

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Tibet, various dalai lamas (4)

17th century, Tibet, Dalai Lama 5, Ngawang Lobzang Gyatso, gilt copper alloy, at the Rubin Museum of Art in New York (USA).

The fifth dalai lama in full monastic garb, seated on two square cushions, a manuscript between his hands.

17th century, Tibet, Dalai Lama 5, Ngawang Lobzang Gyatso, gilt metal (copper alloy), private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

The same personage, seated on a single brocaded cushion with a visvajra at the front, dressed in Chinese silk garments with a floral print and a dragon on the bottom.

17th century, Tibet, abbot, possibly the 5th Dalai Lama, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Undated, Tibet?, Dalai Lama 5, Ngawang Lobzang Gyatso, (copper alloy), item 12582 on HAR.

16th-17th century (or later?), Tibet, Dalai Lama, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo on Catawiki

According to Catawiki this is most probably the second dalai lama. On sculptures of him seen previously Gendu Gyatso does the same hand gestures, but he holds a manuscript in his left hand. This man holds a vajra sceptre and a bell.

18th century, Tibet, dalai lama, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo on Lempertz

The cloth at the front of the cushions on which this hierarch is seated is decorated with four svastikas, a symbol of prosperity which may turn one way or the other in Buddhist art.

Tibet, karmapas (8)

Undated (circa 16th century), Tibet, karmapa, metal, private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

Düsum Khyenpa, Tibet, undated, gilt metal, private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

The first karmapa dressed in silk garments, a sun and moon symbol on his hat, a visvajra at the front, his right hand calling Earth to witness, the other held in the gesture of meditation.

Düsum Khyenpa, Tibet, 17th century, metal, at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum in Mumbai (India), photo on HAR

Karma Pakshi, 16th century, Tibet, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

The second karmapa, dressed in silk garments decorated with a floral print and a geometrical border. He has both hands above the edge of the lotus base. The face looks different to most other portraits of this hierarch.

Karma Pakshi, 16th century, Tibet, silver (and cold gold, pigments, turquoise inlay), photo by Hanhai Auction on HAR.

Rangjung Dorje, (Tibet), 16th century, gilt copper alloy with pigments, private collection, photo on HAR.

Rangjung Dorje, 15th-16th century, Tibet, gilt metal, private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources, item 32249.

The third karmapa, doing the same gesture.

9th karmapa, 16th century, Tibet, silver, private collection, photo by Hanhai Auction on Himalayan Art Resources, item 83715.

The 9th karmapa, dressed in patched garments, his hands in the same position.

Undated (16th century?), Tibet, karmapa, bronze, at the Tibet House Museum in New Delhi, item 71819 on HAR.

17th-18th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt copper repoussé, private collection, photo by Koller, sale 187 AS.This unidentified karmapa has a half-vajra finial on his hat.

 

Tibet, various hierarchs

Shamarpa 5, Konchok Yenlak, Tibet, 16th c., gilt bronze, 14,8 cm, 21268 har, Christie's

16th century, Tibet, Shamarpa 5, Konchok Yenlak, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo on  Christie’s

We have seen a few images of Konchok Yenlak, identified by his thin oval face, large ears and tall red hat.

Karmapa 6, 16th-17th c., Tibet, Thongwa Donden, silver+cold g., 10,9 cm, attr. to Karma Rinchen, rect. cushion+rug, vajraghanta, Sotheby's

16th-17th century, tibet, Karmapa 6, Thongwa Donden, silver with traces of cold gold, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s

The sixth karmapa wears a black hat with a visvajra symbol at the front and a sun and moon above. He holds a vajra sceptre in his right hand and a vajra bell in the other.

16th-17th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo on Art Curial.

17th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Florence Number Nine

This hierarch holds a large flaming jewel in his left hand.

PL3, Palden Yeshe pos., 18th c. cir., Tibet, wood,+graces paint and cold g. 18 cm, abbot, MC Daffos, aaoarts.com

Circa 18th century, Tibet, ‘possibly the third panchen lama, Palden Yeshe’, wood with traces of paint and cold gold, private collection, photo by Marie-Catherine Daffos for aaoarts

 

Tibet, various dalai lamas (3)

DL5, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, Tibet, 17th c., gilt c.a., 12,8 cm, rare, floral cushion, varada+kartari, Paris Sotheby's

17th century, Tibet, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

The fifth dalai lama is seated on brocaded cushions, his legs covered with a silk garment decorated with a chased cloud and floral motif, his right hand (rendered in a particularly realistic manner) doing the gesture of supreme generosity, the other holding the stem of a lotus while bestowing refuge.

18th century, Tibet, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

The same personage, wearing a pandita hat and doing the fear-allying gesture with his right hand.

Second half of the 16th century, Tibet, Sonam Gyatso, third dalai lama, bronze, private collection published in Karma

DL7, Kalsang Gyatso, Tibet, 18th c., gilt bronze, 11 cm, Cambi

18th century, Tibet, Kalsang Gyatso, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with traces of gilding, private collection, photo by Casa Cambi d’Aste.

The seventh dalai lama is seated on three cushions (which usually indicates that the sculpture was made during his lifetime) covered with a blanket. He holds the stem of a lotus topped with what may be a branch of the ashoka tree.

DL7, Kelsang Gyatso, Tibet, 18th c., gilt bronze, 11 cm, rear, Cambi

Circa 18th century, Tibet, probably the 7th Dalai Lama, Lobsang Kalsang Gyatso, wood with traces of paint and cold gold, private collection, photo by Marie-Catherine Daffos on aaoarts

Tibet, karmapas (7)

15th century, Tibet, Karma Pakshi, bronze (brass) with silver and copper inlay, private collection, photo by Polyauction

A classic portrait of the second karmapa, dressed in full monastic garments and distinctive black hat with a diamond at the front and a sun-and-moon symbol on the top.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Karma Pakshi (labelled ‘Karmapa 3, Rangjung Dorje on  HAR), bronze with traces of gilding, private collection, photo same as before.

15th century, Tibet, Karmapa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Polyauction.

A very similar image, possibly of the same person, dressed in the same style, his chest partly uncovered, the face painted with cold gold and pigments.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Karmapa, bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Polyauction.

This older hierarch holds a long-life vase in both hands.

Karmapa, 16th-17th c., Tibet, gilt bronze, 10 cm, Sotheby's

16th-17th century, Tibet, karmapa (identified as Karmapa 3, Rangjung Dorje on HAR), gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

An unusual portrait of a karmapa with powerful facial features and oversized hat wearing stiff garments with a very broad hem decorated with a stippled and incised pattern and coarse beading.

16th century, Tibet, Karmapa, bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Polyauction.

Karmapa, 18th c., Tibet, gilt bronze, 13 cm, arcimboldo.cz

18th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Arcimboldo

We have seen many deified lamas, but only one karmapa before. This one holds a vajra sceptre and a vajra bell in his hands crossed over his heart together with the stem of lotuses that support a round jewel and a book.

Tibet, Panchen Lamas (2)

17th century, Tibet, Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen Pelzangpo, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

The first panchen lama (hierarch from the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism) is seated on a blanket over two square cushions, his ample garments covering his legs and feet. His right hand does the teaching gesture.

17th century, Tibet, Lobsang Chokyi Gyaltsen Pelzangpo, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

On this image his right hand touches the ground (like the historical buddha ‘calling Earth to witness’).

17th century, Tibet, Lobsang Yeshe Pelzangpo, 2nd Panchen Lama, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

The second panchen lama (or 5th, depending on the system used to list them) is depicted with a bowl in his left hand.

PL5, Lobsang Yeshe Palzangpo, Tibet, 18th c., gilt bronze, 21,3 cm, Lempertz

18th century, Tibet, fifth panchen lama, Lobsang Yeshe Palzangpo, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Lempertz.

When a lama is portrayed during his life time he usually sits on a blanket over three cushions. It seems that as time goes by he is depicted on two, then one cushion only.

Panchen lama, Tibet, 18th c., silver, 13,6 cm, vitarka+avakasha, Sotheby's Paris

18th century, Tibet, panchen lama, silver, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

This deified lama holds the stem of lotuses, one supporting the hilt of a sword (to his right) and the other supporting a manuscript (to his left).