Tibet, hierarchs (5)

17th century, Tibet, Fifth Sharmapa (Shamarpa), silver with pigments, private collection, photo on Sotheby’s .

A rare silver sculpture of the 5th shamarpa, Konchog Yanlag (see biographical notes on shamarpa.org, and the shamarpa page on HAR ), seated on a square cushion, his right hand over his knee, the left hand in the gesture of meditation and holding a large flaming jewel, his head covered with the distinctive red lotus hat of the shamarpas, with a jewel emblem at the front , or sometimes a visvajra,  a crescent moon+sun disc at the top, a cloud pattern at the sides, always trailing towards the back.

Circa 15th-16th century, Tibet, lama, gilt copper (alloy?), private collection, photo on lot-art .

18th century, Tibet, lama, bronze, private collectin, photo on Hardt .

14th century, Tibet, karmapa 3, Rangjung Dorje, gilt bronze with silver inlay, private collection, photo on Navin Kumar Gallery .

The karmapa hat is black, with a visvajra symbol at the front, a crescent moon+sun disc at the top, a cloud pattern at the sides, trailing towards the front.

17th-18th century, Tibet, The First Panchen Lama, Lobzang Chokyi Gyaltsen, gilt copper alloy and cold gold, private collection, photo on Sotheby’s as before, lot 310.

18th century, Changkya Rolpai Dorje, Tibet, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo on Sotheby’s as before, lot 339.

See biographical notes on the third changkya, Rolpai Dorje, on Treasury of Lives .

17th century, Tibet, Dalai Lama 5, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, photo 50751 on the Huntington Archive .

The fifth dalai lama holds the stem of a lotus that supports the effigy of a teacher.

18th century, Tibet, Dalai Lama 3, Sonam Gyatso, metal (silver or silver alloy with traces of cold gold), photo on HAR , at the Palace Museum in Beijing (China).

The lama’s right hand is in the gesture of debate, the other in the gesture of meditation.

Tibet, hierarchs (4)

17th century, Tibet, shamarpa, gilt copper with stone inlay, private collection, published by Rossi & Rossi in  Homage to the Holy .

This lama wears the distinctive red lotus hat of the shamarpas, adorned with a turquoise-inlaid sun and moon symbol at the front and smaller cabochons on the sides. There is a vase of longevity in his left hand.

17th-18th century, Tibet, 1st Dalai Lama, Gendün Drub, wood with cold gold and pigment, photo on AKG, is or was at the Potala in Lhasa (Tibet).

The first dalai lama (see biography on The Treasury of Lives and HAR ), seated on a lotus base, holds a large lotus and displays the ‘turning the wheel of dharma‘ gesture with his hands.

16th century, Tibet, Third Dalai Lama, Sönam Gyatso, gilt bronze, photo by Andrew Lau for Hollywood Galleries on issuu.

The third dalai lama, coiffed with a peaked hat with long lappets, holds a vase shaped like a lotus bud in his left hand. His voluminous garments are cleverly arranged like a row of petals over the lotus base.

16th century, Tibet, Dalai Lama, gilt bronze, private collection, photo on skinnerinc. 

This character in monastic garb holds a long-life vase in his left hand and another object, difficult to identify, in his right hand.

1650-1750, Tibet, Panchen Rinpoche 1st, Lobsang Chökyi Gyaltsen, silver with garnet inlay and gilt copper base, photo on Fondation Alain Bordier, at the Tibet Museum in Gruyères (Switzerland).

The panchen lama is depicted as an old man wrapped in a fine meditation cloak with an embroidered border, holding a large flaming jewel in his left hand.

18th century, Tibet, Lobsang Chökyi Gyatsen Pel Zangpo, copper alloy with painted details, published by Rossi & Rossi in Homage to the Holy .

On this example he probably held a book in his left hand and has the oval face, small pointed chin, high cheek bones, and larges ears usually associated with him.

Tibet, Karmapas (9)

13th century, Tibet, 1st Karmapa, brass with silver and copper inlay, photo on Fondation Alain Bordier , at the Tibet Museum in Gruyères (Switzerland).

This masterpiece depicts Düsum Khyenpa seated on a throne covered with a cloth and decorated with a dharma wheel at the front, his right hand extended in the gesture of supreme generosity, the other may have held a manuscript. He wears the full monastic garb, including a thick woollen meditation cloak, and the distinctive hat worn by karmapas.

16th century, Tibet, 1st Karmapa, painted wood, photo here , at the Tibet Museum in Gruyères (Switzerland).

On this later portrait the hierarch does the gesture of calling Earth to witness with his right hand. We can see a summary visvajra symbol at the front of his hat.

14th century, Tibet, karmapa, brass, photo on Fondation Alain Bordier , at the Tibet Museum in Gruyères (Switzerland).

This unidentified karmapa is seated on a throne supported by lions and yakshas and decorated with a triple gem surrounded with flames (triratna) at the front. His cloak is made of strips of fabric with a lotus pattern also visible on the border of his vest.  Instead of lying flat on the fabric, the sun disc and a crescent moon symbol at the top of this hat have been sculpted separately.

15th century, Tibet, 3rd karmapa, gilt brass, photo same as before, at the Tibet Museum in Gruyères (Switzerland).

Rangjung Dorje, seated in the vajra position, his bare feet showing, his hands placed over his knees.

16th century, Tibet, 3rd karmapa, gilt copper, photo on Fondation Alain Bordier , at the Tibet Museum in Gruyères (Switzerland).

The same man, his legs wrapped in his cloak, his (rather large) hands also placed over his knees, his tall hat topped with a lotus bud finial.

16th century, Tibet, karmapa, silver, photo on as before, at the Tibet Museum in Gruyères (Switzerland).

Probably designed for a portable shrine, this small image (5 cm tall) depicts a hierarch with a manuscript placed sideways in his left hand. His right hand does an unusual downwards gesture, possibly a variant of the gesture of debate/teaching. Despite the small size, the artist has taken the trouble to sculpt the creases of the vest, the folds of the patched outer garment, the visvajra at the front of the hat and the lotus bud on top of it.

18th century, Tibet, 8th karmapa, gilt copper, photo on Fondation Alain Bordier , at the Tibet Museum in Gruyères (Switzerland).

Mikyo Dorje, a manuscript in his left hand.

16th century, Tibet, 9th Karmapa, painted wood, photo and location as before.

Wangchuk Dorje is seated on a single cusion with a large vajra sceptre motif. There is a manuscript in his left hand.

18th century, Tibet, karmapa, wood, photo as before, at the Tibet Museum in Gruyères (Switzerland).

This elderly man has both hands in the gesture of meditation and may have held a long-life vase or another attribute.

Tibet, hierarchs (3)

15th century, Tibet? (labelled ‘Ming Dynasty’), Karmapa, bronze, private collection, photo on Christie’s, London  .

This teacher dressed in full monastic attire holds a long-life vase in both hands. He wears a lotus hat with a sun-and-moon symbol and a half-vajra finial.

16th century, Tibet, Karmapa, copper alloy with silver inlay, cold gold and polychromy, private collection, photo Origine Expert  .

A younger man with a piercing gaze, holding a vajra sceptre and a long-life vase.

Circa 16th century, Tibet, Gelug lama, polychrome black stone, private collection, photo by Bonhams, Images of Devotion 2019.

We have seen a few teachers with a flat cap, traditionally worn by translators. Although we cannot see it very well, Bonhams inform us that the hat is yellow, which identifies him as a gelugpa lama.

16th-17th century, Tibet, Panchen Lama, probably Chokyi Gyaltsen, copper alloy with silver and copper inlay, cold gold and pigment, private collection, photo on Bonhams, London

This deified lama holds the stem of lotuses that support the hilt of a sword to his right and a manuscript topped with a pearl to his left.

Undated (circa 16th century), Tibet, Tsang province atelier, the third dalai lama, Sonam Gyatso, copper alloy, private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources .

18th century, Tibet, The second (or fifth?) Panchen Lama, Lobsang Yeshe, gilt bronze, at the Santa Barbara Museum of Art (USA).

Tibet, hierarchs (2)

12th century or later, Tibet, Karmapa 1, Düsum Khyenpa, bronze, private collection, photo on Hardt .

A portrait of the first karmapa, Düsum Khyenpa, in full monastic attire, his right hand calling Earth to witness, the left hand held in the meditation gesture, his eyes inlaid with silver, his lips and the hem and seams of his garment inlaid with copper, in the style of 13th and 14th century Tibetan sculptures (defined as ‘Monastic Period’ works on Himalayan Art Resources) but with different body proportions, a larger lotus base with copper beading on the rim, and a plain hat. The same item is labelled ’14th century, Sino-Tibetan’ on Leclère .

16th-17th century, Tibet, Karmapa 1, Düsum Khyenpa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Christie’s.The same personage, his right hand doing the gesture of debate/teaching, the other supporting a (missing) book, dressed in silk garments with an embroidered border.

16th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt metal with cold gold and pigments, private collection, photo on  HAR  

A non-identified karmapa, wearing the traditional black lotus hat with a visvajra symbol at the front and a crescent moon-and-sun disc symbol above it (barely visible here).

Karmapa, 16th c., Tibet, gilt metal, 202852 HAR

16th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt metal, private collection, item 202852 on HAR

A singular sculpture of a hierarch seated on a throne with both legs pendent, his feet placed on a lotus platform attached to the base, holding the stem of lotuses. The crescent moon-and-sun disc symbol is at the front of his hat, there may be a visvajra above.

15th-16th c?, Tibet, karmapa or Shamarpa, bronze+sil. eyes+cop. lips, urna, sun+moon, Tsang province, 13205 HAR

Unlabelled (15th or 16th century, Tibet, lama, copper alloy with silver eyes and copper lips), Tsang province, photo on HAR .

A rare image of a hierarch with a large urna (the stone now missing), holding a long-life vase in his left hand. His lotus hat is decorated with a sun-and-moon symbol at the front and topped with a half-vajra finial.

Tibet, dalai lamas (4)

17th century, Tibet, Dalai Lama 5, Ngawang Lobzang Gyatso, gilt copper alloy, at the Rubin Museum of Art in New York (USA).

The fifth dalai lama in full monastic garb, seated on two square cushions, a manuscript between his hands.

17th century, Tibet, Dalai Lama 5, Ngawang Lobzang Gyatso, gilt metal (copper alloy), private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

The same personage, seated on a single brocaded cushion with a visvajra at the front, dressed in Chinese silk garments with a floral print and a dragon on the bottom.

17th century, Tibet, abbot, possibly the 5th Dalai Lama, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Undated, Tibet?, Dalai Lama 5, Ngawang Lobzang Gyatso, (copper alloy), item 12582 on HAR.

16th-17th century (or later?), Tibet, Dalai Lama, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo on Catawiki

According to Catawiki this is most probably the second dalai lama. On sculptures of him seen previously Gendu Gyatso does the same hand gestures, but he holds a manuscript in his left hand. This man holds a vajra sceptre and a bell.

18th century, Tibet, dalai lama, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo on Lempertz

The cloth at the front of the cushions on which this hierarch is seated is decorated with four svastikas, a symbol of prosperity which may turn one way or the other in Buddhist art.

Tibet, karmapas (8)

Undated (circa 16th century), Tibet, karmapa, metal, private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

Düsum Khyenpa, Tibet, undated, gilt metal, private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources

The first karmapa dressed in silk garments, a sun and moon symbol on his hat, a visvajra at the front, his right hand calling Earth to witness, the other held in the gesture of meditation.

Düsum Khyenpa, Tibet, 17th century, metal, at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum in Mumbai (India), photo on HAR

Karma Pakshi, 16th century, Tibet, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

The second karmapa, dressed in silk garments decorated with a floral print and a geometrical border. He has both hands above the edge of the lotus base. The face looks different to most other portraits of this hierarch.

Karma Pakshi, 16th century, Tibet, silver (and cold gold, pigments, turquoise inlay), photo by Hanhai Auction on HAR.

Rangjung Dorje, (Tibet), 16th century, gilt copper alloy with pigments, private collection, photo on HAR.

Rangjung Dorje, 15th-16th century, Tibet, gilt metal, private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources, item 32249.

The third karmapa, doing the same gesture.

9th karmapa, 16th century, Tibet, silver, private collection, photo by Hanhai Auction on Himalayan Art Resources, item 83715.

The 9th karmapa, dressed in patched garments, his hands in the same position.

Undated (16th century?), Tibet, karmapa, bronze, at the Tibet House Museum in New Delhi, item 71819 on HAR.

17th-18th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt copper repoussé, private collection, photo by Koller, sale 187 AS.This unidentified karmapa has a half-vajra finial on his hat.

 

Tibet, hierarchs

Shamarpa 5, Konchok Yenlak, Tibet, 16th c., gilt bronze, 14,8 cm, 21268 har, Christie's

16th century, Tibet, Shamarpa 5, Konchok Yenlak, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo on  Christie’s

We have seen a few images of Konchok Yenlak, identified by his thin oval face, large ears and tall red hat.

Karmapa 6, 16th-17th c., Tibet, Thongwa Donden, silver+cold g., 10,9 cm, attr. to Karma Rinchen, rect. cushion+rug, vajraghanta, Sotheby's

16th-17th century, tibet, Karmapa 6, Thongwa Donden, silver with traces of cold gold, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s

The sixth karmapa wears a black hat with a visvajra symbol at the front and a sun and moon above. He holds a vajra sceptre in his right hand and a vajra bell in the other.

16th-17th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo on Art Curial.

17th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Florence Number Nine

This hierarch holds a large flaming jewel in his left hand.

PL3, Palden Yeshe pos., 18th c. cir., Tibet, wood,+graces paint and cold g. 18 cm, abbot, MC Daffos, aaoarts.com

Circa 18th century, Tibet, ‘possibly the third panchen lama, Palden Yeshe’, wood with traces of paint and cold gold, private collection, photo by Marie-Catherine Daffos for aaoarts

 

Tibet, dalai lamas (3)

DL5, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, Tibet, 17th c., gilt c.a., 12,8 cm, rare, floral cushion, varada+kartari, Paris Sotheby's

17th century, Tibet, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

The fifth dalai lama is seated on brocaded cushions, his legs covered with a silk garment decorated with a chased cloud and floral motif, his right hand (rendered in a particularly realistic manner) doing the gesture of supreme generosity, the other holding the stem of a lotus while bestowing refuge.

18th century, Tibet, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

The same personage, wearing a pandita hat and doing the fear-allying gesture with his right hand.

Second half of the 16th century, Tibet, Sonam Gyatso, third dalai lama, bronze, private collection published in Karma

DL7, Kalsang Gyatso, Tibet, 18th c., gilt bronze, 11 cm, Cambi

18th century, Tibet, Kalsang Gyatso, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with traces of gilding, private collection, photo by Casa Cambi d’Aste.

The seventh dalai lama is seated on three cushions (which usually indicates that the sculpture was made during his lifetime) covered with a blanket. He holds the stem of a lotus topped with what may be a branch of the ashoka tree.

DL7, Kelsang Gyatso, Tibet, 18th c., gilt bronze, 11 cm, rear, Cambi

Circa 18th century, Tibet, probably the 7th Dalai Lama, Lobsang Kalsang Gyatso, wood with traces of paint and cold gold, private collection, photo by Marie-Catherine Daffos on aaoarts

Tibet, karmapas (7)

15th century, Tibet, Karma Pakshi, bronze (brass) with silver and copper inlay, private collection, photo by Polyauction

A classic portrait of the second karmapa, dressed in full monastic garments and distinctive black hat with a diamond at the front and a sun-and-moon symbol on the top.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Karma Pakshi (labelled ‘Karmapa 3, Rangjung Dorje on  HAR), bronze with traces of gilding, private collection, photo same as before.

15th century, Tibet, Karmapa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Polyauction.

A very similar image, possibly of the same person, dressed in the same style, his chest partly uncovered, the face painted with cold gold and pigments.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Karmapa, bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Polyauction.

This older hierarch holds a long-life vase in both hands.

Karmapa, 16th-17th c., Tibet, gilt bronze, 10 cm, Sotheby's

16th-17th century, Tibet, karmapa (identified as Karmapa 3, Rangjung Dorje on HAR), gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

An unusual portrait of a karmapa with powerful facial features and oversized hat wearing stiff garments with a very broad hem decorated with a stippled and incised pattern and coarse beading.

16th century, Tibet, Karmapa, bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Polyauction.

Karmapa, 18th c., Tibet, gilt bronze, 13 cm, arcimboldo.cz

18th century, Tibet, karmapa, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Arcimboldo

We have seen many deified lamas, but only one karmapa before. This one holds a vajra sceptre and a vajra bell in his hands crossed over his heart together with the stem of lotuses that support a round jewel and a book.