Tibet, Ratnasambhava – buddha appearance

14th-15th century, Tibet, Ratnasambhava, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

Ratnasambhava is seated on a lotus base with a vajra (usually associated with Akshobhya) in front of him, his right hand held out in the gesture of generosity and displaying a gem (ratna).

 

His sanghati has a wide border decorated with an incised motif and one end of the garment is neatly pleated over the shoulder.

16th century, Tibet, a buddha (Ratnsambhava), gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.

A similar iconography (gem in hand, vajra sceptre in front of him) but a different style, with a singular  way of draping the sanghati at the front.

Advertisements

Tibet, Ratnasambhava – bodhisattva appearance (3)

15th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, bronze (copper alloy) with silver and copper inlay, private collection, photo by christie’s.

Tibetan metal sculptures of Ratnasambhava are relatively few and usually depict him in his bodhisattva appearance.

This rare example depicts him with silver-inlaid eyes and copper-inlaid lips and crown, his hair dyed blue and topped with a large flaming jewel finial.

He is adorned with princely jewellery with a floral design and wears a long garment with a finely incised floral motif.

Undated (14th-15th century?), Tibet, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy with cold gold, at the Tibet House Museum in New Delhi (India).

Ratnasambhava holds his right hand in the gesture of supreme generosity.

18th century (dated 16th century by W. Zwalf), Tibet, Ratnasambhava, brass with turquoise inlay, at the British Museum in London (UK).

The left hand does the gesture of meditation.

Tibet, a buddha set

11th century, Tibet, 5 buddhas, brass with cold gold and indigo, is or was at the Lima Lakhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

11th century, Tibet, 5 buddhas, brass with cold gold and indigo, is or was at the Lima Lakhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

This is a Kashmir-style set of the five dhyani buddhas, from left to right: Ratnasambhava, Akshobhya, Vairocana, Amitabha, Amoghasiddhi. Ratnasambhava is seated on a lotus supported by horses, he holds one end of his sanghati in his hands as Shakyamuni often does, Akshobhya does the same and he is seated on a lotus supported by elephants. Vairocana wears a crown with rosettes, large floral earrings, a sacred cord, possibly a garland, long strands of hair fall over his shoulders, he is seated on a lotus supported by lions. Amitabha wears a V-neck robe that covers both shoulders and is seated on a lotus supported by peacocks, Amoghasiddhi’s seat is supported by garudas. The faces are painted with cold gold and pigments, the hair is thought to be dyed with indigo.

Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava (4)

13th-14th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Nagel.

13th-14th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Nagel auctions.

A highly original sculpture of Ratnasambhava with a conical chignon and a small crown made of small leaves set wide apart, adorned with unusual jewellery and seated on a double-lotus base with flat squarish petals, his right hand held out in the gesture of supreme generosity and displaying an incised diamond with a gem (ratna) at the centre.

13th-14th-c-western-tibet-ratnasambhava-c-a-211-cm-slit-eyes-large-urna-conical-chignon-leaf-tiara-close-up

The rim of his crown and his necklaces consist in thick beading. The shorter necklace with three foliate pendants, including one decorated with incisions, is reminiscent of earlier works attributed to the Ngari district.

14th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

14th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

14th-c-western-tibet-ratnasambhava-c-a-38-cm-triratna-in-palm-har

This one displays a a triple gem (triratna ) inside a circle in the palm of his right hand.

14th-15th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy,

13th-14th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy, at the Heritage Museum in St Petersburg (Russia).

The lotuses on each side of the figure from pedestal to neck level, as above, were an alternative to the celestial scarf used as a frame in Tibet during the 14th and 15th century.

Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava – standing

12th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, brass, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

12th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, brass, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

This is a rare sculpture of Ratnasambhava standing.

12th-c-western-tibet-ratnasambhava-bronze-28-cm-horses-on-pedestal-naftalis-col

He is on a double-lotus base over a plinth decorated with horses and flaming jewels.

12th-c-western-tibet-ratnasambhava-bronze-28-cm-horse-pedestal-incised-scarf-naftalis-col

He wears beaded jewellery and a matching sacred thread and festooned belt, his dhoti and scarf are decorated with incisions. He has a Kashmiri style torso with developed pectorals and a cruciform navel.

12th-c-western-tibet-ratnasambhava-bronze-28-cm-horse-pedestal-close-up-naftalis-col

The geometrical incisions on his scarf, crown, bows and earrings are typical of West Tibetan works produced around the 11th and 12th century in the Ngari district.

Tibet, Ratnasambhava, bodhisattva appearance (2)

13th-14th century, Tibet, labelled Sino-Tibetan, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy with copper inlay and pigments, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

13th-14th century, Tibet, Sino-Tibetan, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy with copper inlay, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

His right hand held out in the gesture of supreme generosity, the other in the meditation gesture, Ratnasambhava wears a very large flaming jewel (ratna) finial on top of his chignon. His lips and one of his necklaces are inlaid with copper. The overall result corresponds to the Tibetan taste of the time, yet, on closer inspection, the tear-shaped armbands are not related to Tibet and the crown made of three large leaves and two small leaves corresponds to the Chinese style. Also, the middle necklace would normally have at least one pendant, and the tail end of his dhoti would be gathered under his ankles.

14th century, Tibet, copper alloy?, at the Beijing Museum

14th century, Tibet, (copper alloy?), at the Tibetan Museum in Beijing (China).

This is a more standard image, with large hoops and foliate jewellery and a smaller flaming jewel finial. The panels of his tall five-leaf crown are secured with rods.

Same as before, traces of cold gold, private collection, photo by Nagel auctions.

Same as before, traces of cold gold, private collection, photo by Nagel auctions.

Here the artist has made a modest use of turquoise cabochons on the crown and one of the necklaces.

14th-c-tibet-ratnasambhava-c-a-traces-cold-g-30-cm-face

The rim of the crown is decorated with an incised motif.

14th century, Tibet, Ratnasambhava, brass, private collection, photo by Christie's.

14th century, Tibet, Ratnasambhava, brass, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

 

Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava (3)

14th-15th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, brass, photo by Christie's.

14th-15th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, brass, photo by Christie’s.

Ratnasambhava holds his right hand in the gesture of generosity (varada), showing a small jewel in his palm. His left hand is in the meditation gesture. He sits on a typical West Tibetan double-lotus base and his celestial scarf acts as a frame around him. The tall leaf panels of his crown are linked with small rods, the finial on his chignon is broken but it would have been a similar type of foliate panel.

14th-15th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, gilt copper alloy, private collection published on Himalayan Art Resources.

14th-15th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, gilt copper alloy with stone inlay and pigments, private collection published on Himalayan Art Resources.

On this masterpiece, the buddha is surrounded with lotuses that reach the large flowing bows of his crown. The double-lotus base has a row of unusually thick beading at the bottom and two rows of smaller beading at the top. His crown and jewellery are inlaid with stones and coral.

13th-14th century, Western Tibet, Ratnasambhava, copper alloy with cold gold and pigments, private collection, photo Les Arts du Monde.

13th-14th century, Western Tibet , Ratnasambhava, copper alloy with cold gold and pigments, private collection, photo Les Arts du Monde.