Tibet, Shakyamuni with vajra sceptre (4)

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Nagel.

The iconography is the same as for Akshobhya in his buddha appearance: the left hand cupped in meditation, the right hand touching the ground (calling Earth to witness his enlightenment). A vajra sceptre is placed before him on the lotus base.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with silver inlay and pigments, private collection on Himalayan Art Resources.

The above wears a patched robe with silver-inlaid seams.

The back of the robe has been given the same finish and the row of petals continue at the back of the base.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with pigments, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

The size of the vajra sceptre varies a lot.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, brass with copper-inlaid hem,  private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Sometimes only the upper half of the attribute is showing.

Undated (circa 16th century), (Tibet), Shakyamuni, bronze and pigments, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

This buddha has painted facial features and blue pigment in his hair, the hem of his sanghati is decorated with a geometrical pattern.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.

The vajra sceptre here is very small yet noticeable because the lower end of the buddha’s robe is not spread over the base.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Hayman Himalayan Art.

Occasionally a thin piece of the inner garment can be seen but it is unusual for it to be incised, in this case with a fine grain pattern which contrasts with the double row of thick beading on the outer robe. The vajra is placed quite close to his feet and almost merges with the fabric.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with copper inlay, private collection, photo by Koller.

Undated, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt silver, published in Sattvas and Rajas, the Culture and Art of Tibetan Buddhism, photo on Himalayan Art Resources.

On this silver sculpture the vajra is placed on the rim of the lotus base. The hem of his sanghati is decorated with a stippled and incised geometrical pattern between two rows of beading.

Undated, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt metal, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

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Tibet, Shakyamuni – seated (19)

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy) private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Following the Tibetan fashion, this buddha’s thick snail-like curls are dyed with blue pigment and topped with a gold lotus bud finial. Note the particularly plump tows turned inwards. The border of his robe is incised with a wavy geometrical pattern.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Moss green.

This Nepalese-style figure has black hair and a large dark lotus finial. The hem of his transparent sanghati, incised with a large rice grain motif, curves round his uncovered breast and reveals the edge of his inner garment.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Koller.

This one wears a patched robe with a wide incised border worn almost in a straight line across the chest.

 

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with a turquoise urna, private collection, photo by Koller.

And here the sanghati is worn in a totally straight line. Its hem is decorated with an incised geometrical pattern between two rows of thick beading.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with copper inlay, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Koller.

Circa 16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt metal, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper with pigment, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

16th-17th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

Following the Chinese fashion, this sanghati is wrapped loosely and the soft folds of the cloth make the garment appear voluminous.

 

Tibet, Shakaymuni – seated (18)

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy with turquoise inlay, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper with cold gold and pigments, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Nagel.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with cold gold, at the Newark Museum (USA).

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Lempertz.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Mossgreen.

Circa 16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper and pigments, is or was at the Jokhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with cold gold, private collection, photo by Koller.

Tibet, Shakyamuni – seated (17)

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Koller.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with turquoise inlay, private collection, photo by Koller.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, published on buddhist-art.info.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Tibet, Shakyamuni – seated (16)

16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, stone, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

The historical buddha is surrounded by five figures, probably the five tathagatas. He holds a begging bowl in his left hand and touches the earth with the other.

Undated (circa 13th century?), Tibet, Shakaymuni, at a mountain sanctuary, photo on Himalayan Art Resources.

This brass sculpture with a copper-inlaid hem and a tall double-lotus base with plump petals belongs to a group of early Tibetan Pala-style works with very harmonious lines and proportions.

The buddha’s chignon is topped with a rare flaming finial indicating the moment of enlightenment. His eyes and urna are inlaid with silver and his lips with copper.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.

This figure, complete with begging bowl, sits on a rare double lotus base topped with a row of stamens, no beading, the two levels separated by a plain band in the middle. The buddha himself as an unusually elongated chignon topped with a large lotus bud finial. The hem of his sanghati is decorated with an incised geometrical pattern.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

Here there is a vajra sceptre in front of him  on the base (and a bowl in his left hand).

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper, is or was at the Jokhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

This rare work depicts him with a lotus bud under his middle finger.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

The iconography is the same for Akshobhya…

but the embossed lotus-like wheels on the sole of his feet identify him as Shakyamuni.

15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Christie’s.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Xanadu.

Tibet, Amitayus – bodhisattva appearance (11)

 

MAY LONG-LIFE DEITY AMITAYUS BRING YOU PEACE AND HARMONY!

 

11th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze, at the Hermitage museum in St Petersburg (Russia).

This Nepalese-style work depicts Amitayus, who normally has a bodhisattva appearance and holds a long-life vase. He is an aspect of Amitabha, whose mount is the peacock, hence the two peacocks supporting the throne, which is covered with a cloth decorated with a wheel of dharma at the front.

13th-14th century, Tibet, Amitabha (Amitayus), bronze, at the Kyangphu monastery, Shigatse, Tibet photo from the Huntington Archive.

Here, the throne is supported by a seated figure between two peacocks.

Unlike the yakshas that often support thrones, this figure is tall and thin, and his body is decorated with floral roundels on the knees, forearms, elbows and chest.

16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

Amitayus is always seated in the vajra position, with both hands in the meditation gesture.

17th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with stone inlay, at the Hermitage museum in St Petersburg (Russia).

This buddha’s crown, jewellery and long-life vase are inlaid with large cabochons typical of works inspired by late Malla art from Nepal.

18th century, Tibet, Amitayus, copper alloy with cold gold and pigments, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

The late Pala-revival style often includes a thin fluttering scarf.

Tibet, Shakyamuni seated – dharmacakra mudra (2)

13th-15th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

The historical buddha is seated on a cushion  atop a singular plinth decorated with three circles at the front, his hands ‘turning the wheel of dharma‘, typically with the tip of the forefingers pressed against the thumbs.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

The right hand is held at heart level. The position of the left hand varies.

Undated (16th century circa?), Tibet, Shakaymuni, brass with copper inlay, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Instead of the forefinger, the tip of the ring finger may be pressed on the tip of the thumb (either hand).

Various figures with a buddha appearance may do this gesture. The dharma wheels incised or embossed on the soles of his feet help identify him. This buddha’s soles are marked with a stippled pattern also used for lotuses. The hem of his sanghati and his nails are inlaid with copper.

Circa 16th century, Tibet, Shakyamuni, gilt clay and pigment, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Undated (circa 18th century), Tibet, Shakyamuni, bronze (brass), private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.