Tibet, Amitayus (19)

14th century, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze, private collection, photo by Hardt

Amitayus, the aspect of Amitabha with a princely appearance, holds a long-life vase in both hands before him. The above is adorned with a three-leaf crown and bulky jewellery, including large floral earrings, a necklace with lotus bud pendants, matching armlets and bracelets.

14th century, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze, private collection, photo on Dalton Somaré

Undated, Tibet, Amitayus, (gilt) bronze with turquoise inlay, at the Tibet House Museum in New Delhi, photo on  Himalayan Art Resources   

This buddha wears a garment that leaves the legs uncovered to display some anklets and shin ornaments typical of Newari art. There is a half-vajra finial on his chignon.

16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, brass with stone inlay, at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum in Mumbai (India), photo on Photo Dharma

This one has a flaming jewel in his headdress.

16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze with stone inlay, at the National Gallery in Prague (Czech Republic).

18th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze with turquoise inlay, private collection, photo on Hardt

Tibet, Amitayus – unusual works (4)

13th-14th century, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze (brass) with silver and copper inlay, private collection, photo by Nagel, sale 105 China 1.

Silver inlay has been used for the eyes, the urna (shaped like a lock of hair), parts of the jewellery; copper inlay has been used for the lips (and also the nipples and possibly the nails), the band of his tall five-leaf crown, part of his jewellery, the border of his garment.

Apart from the standard upward-flowing ribbons, there is another set of ribbons flowing downwards from his crown. Another singular feature are the ribbons going round his elbows and stopping at shoulder level when one would expect a celestial scarf going round his shoulders, or lotuses springing from the base up to this jaw level.

16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze with stone inlay and pigments, private collection, photo by Nagel, sale 105 China 1.

His celestial scarf stands stiffly behind his head like a nimbus and forms unusually large loops at elbow level. The flaming jewel on his chignon is complemented by two lotus buds, the whole thing forming a tripartite ornament.

14th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt copper alloy and stone inlay, private collection, photo by Koller.

14th century (labelled 1500-1599 on HAR), Tibet, Amitayus, gilt copper alloy and stone inlay, private collection, items 81417+12856 on Himalayan Art Resources, photo by Koller.

The rich gilding and small stone and coral cabochons indicate a Nepalese influence but this type of double-lotus base with curly petal tips and discreet beading is known as ‘Yongle-style’, from the Chinese emperor of the same name  (1360-1424). In fact, he has a Chinese-style topknot, decorated with a jewelled finial.

17th century, Tibet, Amitayus, metal (copper alloy) with cold gold, at the Rubin Museum of Art in New York (USA).

This one has a Mongolian style three-tier hair bun topped with a jewel.

16th-17th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt copper alloy with stones, private collection, photo by Koller, sale A189AS.

This Amitayus wears a sumptuous cape made of two layers of embroidered silk.

Tibet, Amitayus (18)

13th-14th century, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo on Himalayan Art Resources.

Flanked by lotuses, his eyes and urna inlaid with silver, his lips with copper, Amitayus has his hands cupped to hold a (missing) vase of longevity.

Undated, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze (with silver, copper and stone inlay, traces of cold gold), private collection, item 74926 on Himalayan Art Resources.

Circa 14th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt copper alloy with turquoise and coral, private collection, photo by Bonhams, sale 25150.

In this case the vase (kalash) in his hands is topped with ashoka tree leaves.

15th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt copper alloy with stone inlay, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

In Tibet the long-life vase often has elixir of longevity pouring out into four ‘streams’, which symbolise the other four wisdom buddhas. This one is topped with a flaming jewel. The hem of the buddha’s dhoti is decorated with a large rice grain pattern and the folds gathered under his ankle are tipped with a jewel.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt copper alloy with stone inlay, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s, sale N10033.

Tibet, Amitayus (17)

14th century, Tibet, Amitayus (labelled Amitabha), gilt bronze (copper alloy) with turquoise inlay, photo by Auction Art  Auction Art.

The vajra sceptre on the lotus base is often seen on sculptures of the historical buddha since it is related to an aspect of his life, yet the princely jewellery and the position of the hands correspond to Amitayus, i.e. Amitabha with a bodhisattva appearance.

Undated, Tibet, Ngari ,Tholing, (Amitayus), clay, at the northern main chapel of the Gyatsa, photo by E. Gershi, 1933, published on tugraz

The central image of the chapel depicts Amitayus, coiffed with a tall Kashmiri-style crown, holding a vase of longevity in both hands as usual.

Circa 15th century, Tibet, labelled ‘Akshobhya’, bronze with turquoise inlay, private collection, photo by 25 Blythe Road.

A puzzling character holding Amitayus’ s main attribute while calling Earth to witness with his right hand, a gesture done by Akshobhya and Shakyamuni. A lotus is fastened to his right arm.

His dhoti is decorated with a stippled lotus print.

15th c., Tibet, Amitayus, bronze+sil.+turq., lotus base later, 11,6 cm, M. des Confluences, Lyon on academia.edu

15th century, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze with silver and turquoise inlay on an unrelated brass lotus base, is or was at the Musée des Confluences in Lyon (France).

15th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze, private collection, photo on Ravenel

Seated on a lotus base with alternate copper-inlaid petals, adorned with silver and turquoise-inlaid jewellery, his dhoti engraved with a foliate and floral pattern.

15th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy with turquoise inlay), private collection, photo by Ravenel as above.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze (copper alloy), at the Zhol Village Museum in Lhasa (Tibet), photo by Petra Mueller on WHAV

Undated, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze (copper alloy), photo by The Buddha Gallery on http://www.invaluable.com.

18th century, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze (copper alloy) with cold gold, at the Tibet Museum in Lhasa (Tibet), photo by Verena Ziegler on WHAV

18th century, Tibet, buddha, bronze (brass), private collection, photo published on Live Auctioneers

Tibet, Amitayus (16)

Late 15th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze with turquoise, lapis lazuli and coral, private collection, photo by Nagel .

Complete with his long-life vase in both hands, Amitayus wears princely jewellery inlaid with stones and coral, much favoured by the Tibetans, including shin ornaments often seen on works made by Newari artists during the Malla period. His celestial scarf also forms an arch but it passes under his arms.

15th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with turquoise inlay, private collection, photo on  Nagel

Here, the scarf passes over his forearms.

15th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with replacement glass inlay, private collection, photo by Nagel as before.

15th c., Eastern Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze, 12,4 cm, Christie's

15th century, Eastern Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze with turquoise and coral, private collection, photo by 25 Blythe Road

16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with stone inlay, private collection, photo on Bonhams

16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt copper alloy with stone inlay, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

16th c. cir., Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze+turq., 18 cm, MC Daffos, aaoarts.com

Circa 16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze with turquoise inlay, private collection, photo by Marie-Catherine Daffos for aaoarts

18th c., Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze, 13 cm, 11926 Uni of Michigan MoA

18th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy), at the University of Michigan (USA)  item 11926  here.

 

Tibet, Amitayus – unusual works (3)

15th century, (Tibet?), Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with stone inlay, private collection, photo by Polyauction.

A Malla-style masterpiece inlaid with a mixture of medium-size round and square turquoise and coral cabochons. The extremities of the ribbons of the buddha’s crown form jewelled tendrils against his ears – leaving no room for earrings. His dhoti is decorated with a discreet floral pattern and heavily overlaid with beaded seams and jewelled leaves, the end is gathered under his ankles and forms a ‘raining jewel’ that goes over the top of the seat.

14th-15th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze with silver and stone inlay, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

Are rare image of a buddha with a crowned buddha appearance (wearing a sanghati and a crown, and no jewellery), with a long-life vase in his hands.

15th century, Central Tibet, Amitayus, gilt copper alloy with turquoise inlay, attributed to Sonam Gyaltsen, private collection, photo by Bonhams, on Himalayan Art Resources item 61762.

This masterpiece is thought to have been made around 1430-1440 at the Sonam Gyaltsen workshop. Amitayus wears a fine Chinese silk garment with an embroidered hem, short enough to display his stone-inlaid anklets.

15th-c-central-tibet-amitayus-gilt-c-a-turq-21-cm-attrib-sonam-gyaltsen-cir-1430-40-white-tara-arising-from-vase-detail-61762-har-bonhams

The unusual feature is the effigy of White Tara on top of his long-life vase.

16th c. cir., Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze+turq., 21 cm, F. Gousset, aaoarts.com

Circa 16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy) with turquoise inlay, private collection, photo by F. Gousset for aaoarts .

Occasionally we come across a sculpture of Amitayus with a half-vajra finial on his chignon. The above wears a low crown with kirtimukha at the front and fan-shaped side bows. The broad hem of his garment is incised with a rice grain motif, the extremity is gathered in a swallow tail shape under his ankles.

14th century, Tibet, Amitayus (labelled ‘Amitabha’), bronze, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

The thin face and slanted eyes are most unusual for this brass work, otherwise typical of the country and period, including the scarf forming an arch around him from neck to knees.

17th c., Tibet, Amitayus, bronze with cop.+sil. inlay, 10,5 cm, Cambiaste

17th century, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze with copper and silver inlay, private collection, photo on Cambiaste

For this buddha’s dhoti the caster mixed copper and silver-inlaid dots, typical of the much earlier Indian Pala period, together with an incised floral pattern.

17th c., Tibet, Amitayus, bronze with cop.+sil. inlay, 10,5 cm, rear, Cambiaste

He wears a Chinese-style shawl and upward flowing scarf.

17th-18th century, Tibet, Amitayus, silver with turquoise and coral inlay, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

 

Tibet, Amitayus – unusual works (2)

13th-14th century, Tibet, Amitayus, copper alloy, private collection, photo on Bonhams

This buddha displays Pala-style jewellery, body shape and proportions, a  large head and square facial contours typical of Tibet, unusually shaped ears and a row of wavy hair below the (missing) crown instead of curls, a low bun instead of a tall braided chignon. Bonhams suggest it was made by a Newari caster for a Tibetan patron.

14th-15th century or later, Tibet, Amitayus, bronze with silver and copper inlay, private collection, photo on Dreweatts

On this rare and harmonious sculpture the eyes are inlaid with both silver and copper. He is adorned with very large rosettes and the sort of princely jewellery often seen on Tibetan brass masterpieces dated 13th and 14th century, including a short necklace with silver inlay. Two letters  are embossed on is chest.

 

As on the previous image his missing crown reveals smooth hair with flat curls at the front.

14th century, Western Tibet, Amitayus (labelled ‘Amitabha’), bronze (brass), private collection, photo by Mossgreen .

This is a  singular and spectacular chignon shaped like two round gems, topped with a lotus supporting a flaming jewel. Various lotuses spring from the base on each side of him.

16th century, Tibet, Amitayus (labelled ‘Amitabha’), gilt copper with stone inlay, private collection, photo by Koller

On this Densatil-style gilt and stone-inlaid statue with a Nepalese-style crown and square urna the thin celestial scarf is partly used as a halo.

16th century, Tibet, Amitayus, copper alloy with copper inlay, private collection, photo on Bonhams.

We have come across (earlier) wisdom buddhas flanked by two identical lotuses. In this case, there is a day (open) lotus to his right and a night (closed) lotus to his left. The rim of his crown and the hem of his garment are inlaid with copper.

18th century, Tibet, Amitayus, gilt bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo on Mossgreen

The above belongs to a small group of sculptures of Amitayus seated on a triangular cushion and wearing, instead of a crown, a large floral hair ornament against his chignon and beaded festoons on his head, large floral earrings and a matching necklace, big armbands, a sash drawn tightly across his chest; his hands are cupped as usual to hold a vase of longevity.

16th-17th c., Tibet, Amitayus+Pandara, bronze+cold g.+pig., 21 cm, rare, long-life vase each, sideways, MC Daffos, aaoarts.com

16th-17th century, Tibet, Amitayus and Pandara, bronze with cold gold and pigments, photo by Marie-Catherine Daffos for  aaoarts

Amitayus seated in embrace with his consort holds his vase behind her back with both hands while she holds hers in her left hand above his shoulder. This form is usually seen on paintings, very rarely in sculpture.