One of a series of very elegant standing crowned buddhas on display at the Patna Museum, thought to have been made in Bihar around the 11th century, with a tear-shaped jewel design used at the front of the pedestal, the top of the flaming arch, and in this case for the large ornaments on each side of the buddha’s face. His eyes, urna and short necklace are probably inlaid with silver. The design of his crown and jewellery are very similar to those we saw on a 10th-11th century Indian buddha kept at the British Museum in London.
The design of the arch is more elaborate here, with sharp and well separated flames, openwork on the inside, a beaded inner edge. The triangular panels of his crown and his main necklace are also more intricate. Note the way his transparent garment is longer at the sides.
On this sculpture, the tear-shaped design has been used for the earrings of the buddha, the tip of the panels of his crown, the motif at the top of the mandorla, as well as for the tortoise pedestal. Again, his sanghati is longer on each side.
Undated (late Pala period), India, Bihar, Shakyamuni, brass, at the Patna Museum (India), photo by Anandajoti Bhikkhu.In every case, Shakyamuni holds a piece of his robe in his left hand and does the fear-allaying gesture with the other. The above wears a necklace with tear-shaped pendants with a pearl below.