Pala India, Avalokiteshvara – various forms (7)

8th-9th c., India NE, Avalokiteshvara, bronze, 21,5 cm, Nalanda, lab. Padmapani, 9439:A24294 Indian M. in Kolkata

8th-9th century, Northeastern India, Padmapani (Avalokiteshvara), bronze, item 9439/A24294 at the Indian Museum in Kolkata (India).

Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion, stands on a double-lotus pedestal, surrounded by an arch with lotus flowers and buds, a large lotus flower above his head, holding the long stem of a lotus and making the gesture of generosity with his right hand.

10th c., India NE, Avalokitesvhara, black chlorite, 8 cm, Nalanda, lab. Padmapani, 1977.59 Cleveland MoA

10th century, Northeastern India, Nalanda, Padmapani (Avalokiteshvara), black chlorite, item 1977.59 at the Cleveland Museum of Art (USA).

Seated with a leg pendent, the foot resting on a large lotus flower stemming from the murky waters below his  throne, he  holds a clump of open lotuses in his left hand and displays the gesture of supreme generosity with the other, revealing a lotus embossed in the palm of his hand.

11th-12th c., India NE, Avalokiteshvara, stone, 97 cm, phyllite, 5 buddhas, adorant, Hayagriva, 18oct05, sale 2675 lot 38, Amsterdam Christie's

11th-12th century, Northeastern India, Avalokiteshvara-Lokanatha, phyllite stone, private collection, photo on Christie’s, Amsterdam

A similar form of Avalokiteshvara accompanied by the five wisdom buddhas (above his head), a devotee (to his right), a yaksha attendant identified as Hayagriva by the auction house (to his left), two donors among scrolling vines (below his throne).

10th c., India NE, Avalokiteshvara, stone, 46,3 cm, lab. padmapani, Avalokita, 25mar04, 1355 lot 40, Christie's

10th century, Northeastern India, Avalokiteshvara (labelled ‘Padmapani’), stone, private collection, photo on Christie’s

An unusual sculpture of him with four arms, holding a rosary, the stem of a lotus, and what looks like a Gandhara-style vajra sceptre but may be a sheathed lasso, possibly a variant of Avalokita. There is an effigy of Amitabha in his headdress.

12th c., India E., Avalokiteshvara, c.a.+sil. eyes, 9,4 cm, Khasarpana L. dharmacakra, 26may 21, a celebration of enlightenment lot 113, HK Sotheby's

12th century, Eastern India, Avalokiteshvara, copper alloy with silver-inlaid eyes, private collection, photo on Sotheby’sIn one of his Khasarpana Lokeshvara variants, Avalokiteshvara may be seated with a leg pendent, flanked by lotuses, his hands making the  ‘turning the wheel of dharma‘ gesture (especially in Tibet). He has no antelope skin over his left shoulder but the above has a large round ornament with a silver-inlaid centre, possibly a stylised open lotus flower. His eyes, urna, and the centre of the flowers on his armbands are also inlaid with silver.

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