Tibet, lamas and their hats

14th-15th century, Tibet, Drikung Kagyu hierarch, copper alloy with copper inlay, published on http://www.plumblossoms.com.

There is a (confusing) variety of hats associated with the Kagyu school of Tibetan buddhism.

15th century circa, Tibet, Drugpa Kagyu lama, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

Seen from the front, the above headdresses form a tall and impressive crown-like volume.

16th century circa, Tibet, lama, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Whereas this one has peaked flaps on each side.

16th century, Tibet, Kagyu lama, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

And this one looks half unfolded on the sides and at the front.

15th century, Tibet, Jonang lama, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

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The hat worn by Jonang lamas is like the Indian pandita hat but yellow. This one is richly incised all over with a floral pattern that matches the cloak.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Sakya lama, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Nagel.

Derived from the Indian pandita hat, the standard Sakya hat is red.

17th century, Tibet, lama, gilt copper alloy and pigments, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

The red pandita hat is often worn like a flat cap by Tibetan scholars, and was especially associated with translators. This lama holds a long-life vase in his left hand. The rim of the base supporting the lotus on which he is seated is decorated with a very ornate chased floral pattern.

18th century, Tibet, Gelug lama, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

This Gelug hat is quite similar to the yellow Jonang hat (The Jonang school was eventually absorbed by the Gelug school).

18th century, Tibet, Kagyu lama, gilt copper alloy, at the British Museum in London (UK).

This type of hats, with the sides upright and considerably taller than the front, topped with a lotus bud, is worn by hierarchs such as karmapas (black with visvajra at the front),  shamarpas and situpas (red with a triple gem at the front).

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