This unidentified character holds a vajra sceptre in his right hand and a skull cup in the other.
In buddhism, the term pandit or pandita, of Hindu origin, refers to Indian scholars and teachers who have mastered 5 sciences (the sanskrit language, reasoning, medicine, arts and spirituality). They are normally depicted with a monastic robe and a pointed hat with long flaps on each side.
Kushalipa, an accomplished Indian teacher who spent several years teaching the dharma in Tibet, is seated in the vajra position with his hands turning the wheel of dharma. He wears a fine robe decorated with a chased floral pattern.
This mahapandita (‘very great scholar’) is thought to be Vanaratna, who made several journeys to Tibet, where he was asked to teach a particular aspect of buddhism in which he specialised.