Tibet, Khasarpana Lokeshvara (2)

12th-13th century circa, Tibet, Avalokiteshvara, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

The major difference between the padmapani and khasarpana (sometimes called khasarpani) form of Avalokiteshvara seated is that the latter has several tiers of matted hair, and whereas in India he wears a very low tiara and princely jewellery, in Tibet, he usually has no crown and no jewellery, only a sacred thread.

13th-14th century, Tibet, Khasarpana Lokeshvara, bronze (copper alloy), private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

This form of Avalokiteshvara was particularly popular in India during the Pala period. There are few Tibetan images of him and most of them are a local adaptation of the Indian prototype. The above holds his right hand in the refuge-giving gesture (ring finger pressed against the thumb, other fingers slightly bent). He wears a sash, tightly drawn across his chest, and a short dhoti

There is an effigy of Amitabha in his coiffure and a foliate finial on top of his hair. His eyes are inlaid with silver in the Indian fashion (a small pupil close to the upper lid).

The garment is decorated with a tiny stippled floral motif and fastened with an incised belt knotted in a very ornate manner at the front.





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