Tibet, Avalokiteshvara – standing (8)

14th-15th century (circa 1400), Central Tibet, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper alloy and gems, at the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore (USA).

A Newar-style padmapani  with rich gilding, a rectangular urna on his forehead, rings on his fingers, wearing a short dhoti engraved with a floral pattern, his left hand holding the (broken) stem of a large lotus, the right hand displaying an incised lotus and a gem.

14th century, Tibet, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper alloy and gems, Victoria & Albert Museum in London (UK).

Although it came from Central Tibet, this is clearly the work of a Nepalese artist, including the use of black (instead of blue) pigment for the hair.

Undated, Tibet, Avalokiteshvara, bronze, at the Rubin Museum of Art in New York (USA).

A sturdy and well-crafted padmapani with a short dhoti held in place with a Pala-style festooned belt.

He has Indian-style facial features and his ornate crown includes an effigy of Amitabha on the front leaf.

There is an embossed lotus in the palm of his right hand, held in the gesture of supreme generosity.

14th century, brass, same as before.

This one has a broad nose, Kashmiri-style torso and lobed abdomen, Indian-style festooned belt, unusual jewellery and thick locks over the shoulders, a celestial scarf with flat pointed ends, one of them split, standing on a lotus with a single row of flat petal pointing downwards.

14th century, Tibet, Avalokiteshvara, copper alloy and pigment, same as before.

Another figure with a developed torso and lobed abdomen, wearing a long foliate garland in the West Tibetan fashion, surrounded with a halo of flames, standing on a lotus with heart-shape petals, over a Kashmiri-style plinth.

The halo is topped with a leonine figure, presumably Kirtimukha. There is an effigy of Amitabha in his headdress.

His striped dhoti, shorter on one side, is decorated with a stippled floral motif. The knee joints are marked with semi-circular incisions.


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