The elephant throne on which he sits and the thunderbolt which he holds horizontally in his right hand tell us that this is buddha Akshobhya, adorned with simple jewellery, his thin celestial scarf flowing upwards.
Amitabha holds his hands in the dhyana mudra to hold a begging bowl, adorned with jewellery, a celestial scarf, a sacred thread and a garland of flowers – very rarely seen on a buddha.
His jewellery, the central panel of his crown and the jewel finial on his chignon are inlaid with turquoise, the rim of his crown, his jewellery and the lotus base are inlaid with copper and silver, his eyes and urna with silver, the lips with copper. There are traces of cold gold on his warm smiling face and of lapis lazuli powder in his hair.
Vajrasattva holds an upright thunderbolt (vajra) in his right hand and a vajra-handled bell (ghanta) in the other, against his hip.
One of the eight medicine buddhas, Bhaisajyaguru holds a myrobolan fruit in the palm of his right hand and a (missing) begging bowl in the other. He sits on a double-lotus base framed by an arch decorated with (from bottom to top) monkeys, viyalas, apsaras, anatidae, flowers, and the head of a mythical creature that recalls the goat’s head of the sharabha (see the animals and mythical creatures category in the right hand margin).