Kashmir, seated buddhas

9th-10th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, brass with silver inlay, private collection, photo by Christie's.

9th-10th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, brass with silver inlay, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

This is a standard sculpture  of the historical buddha seated on a cushion, on a throne supported by two lions and a yaksha. On earlier ones he tends to have both hands in the dh

yana mudra or the dharmacakra mudra, here he holds the right hand in the abhaya mudra (fear-allaying) and has a piece of his robe in the other.

10th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, bronze with silver inlay, at the Norton Simon Museum

10th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, bronze with silver inlay, at the Norton Simon Art Foundation in Pasadena (USA).

On this variant, he sits on a lotus over a plain plinth. The flaming halo behind him has large serrated flames (a solar symbol) unusual in Kashmir.

11th century, Kashmir (Or Jammu and Kashmir?), Shakyamuni, copper alloy, at the Tibetan Museum in Beijing (China).

11th century, Kashmir (or Jammu and Kashmir?), Shakyamuni, copper alloy, at the Tibetan Museum in Beijing (China).

This buddha displays the dharmacakra mudra, he wears a garment with a V-neck and tassels, large floral earrings, a tall crown and a beaded necklace sometimes associated with Jammu and Kashmir sculptures on the same subject. The rounded halo behind him is quite singular.

Undated, Kashmir, Shakyamuni and donors, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Undated, Kashmir, Shakyamuni and donors, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Shakyamuni holds his right hand in the ‘calling Earth to Witness’ gesture, the left hand does the meditation gesture and holds a piece of his robe. He sits on a cushion, on a throne made of rocks, with a lion at the centre, over a plain plinth with an inscription. The two kneeling figures at the front are devotees, the other two are  the donors ( a man with a beard and moustache and a woman). The  pyramidal monuments on each side are, so far, a mystery.

15th century circa, Kashmir, Amitayus, copper alloy with silver-inlaid eyes and copper-inlaid lips, private collection, photo by Christie's.

15th century circa, Kashmir, Amitayus, copper alloy with silver-inlaid eyes and copper-inlaid lips, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Amitayus, in his bodhisattva appearance, holds a long-life vase in his hands. There is a lion at the centre of the rocky formation and two crouching monks at the front.

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