Kashmir, crowned buddhas

11th century, Kashmir, buddha Vairocana, bronze, at the Norton Simon Museum (USA).

11th century, Kashmir, labelled Vairocana, bronze, at the Norton Simon Museum (USA).

This buddha is depicted in bodhisattva attire, with a tall crown adorned with ribbons flowing downwards, large floral earrings, armbands, bracelets and a necklace, wearing a  transparent robe with a V-neck and an ankle-length dhoti.  The gesture of his right hand corresponds to Amoghasiddhi (not Vairocana) but the fact that he holds part of his garment in his left hand indicates that this is probably Shakyamuni, in a king-like attitude.

9th century, Kashmir, Vairocana, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

9th century, Kashmir, labelled Vairocana, copper alloy with silver inlay, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

This is also an image of the historical buddha,  with his right hand in the abhaya mudra and the left hand in varada mudra, seated on a cushion, on lion throne covered with a cloth with tassels, dressed in a robe with a V-neck also decorated with tassels.

9th c., Kashmir, Vairocana, c.a., 16 cm, headdress, Naftalis

His three-leaf crown is adorned with bows, rosettes and large ribbons with a large circular ornament at each end.

9th c., Kashmir, Vairocana, c.a., 16 cm, detail of hair, Naftalis

Instead of snail-like curls, the back of the head displays circular incisions with a hole at the centre.

 

 

 

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