Kashmir, 9th c. buddhas – seated

8th-9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, gilt copper and pigments, 17th century gilt copper repoussé back plate, private collection.

8th-9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, gilt copper and pigments, 17th century gilt copper repoussé prabha mandala, private collection.

The historical buddha is seated on a cushion over a large double lotus base on a throne supported by two lions and a yaksha, his hands doing the dharmacakra mudra, his robe with concentric pleats covering one shoulder, the face painted with cold gold and pigments in the Tibetan fashion (indicating that the statue was worshipped in Tibet). The (much later) flaming arch at the back is decorated with mythical creatures, including a garuda at the top.

9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, bronze, private collection, photo by Christie's.

9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, bronze, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

The historical buddha is seated on a cushion atop a lion throne, his right hand doing the dharmacakra mudra, the left hand holding a piece of his robe, which has transversal folds.  Only part of the halo remains behind him. The inscription at the front of the plinth mentions the donor.

Same as before, with silver inlaid eyes, at the Norton Simon Museum (USA).

Same as before, with silver inlay, at the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena (USA).

On this sculpture, Shakyamuni sits on a large lotus flower, on top of a plinth typical of kashmiri works. His robe has concentric folds. He has silve- inlaid eyes and urna.

9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with copper, silver and niello inlay, at the Virginia Museum of Art (USA).

9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with copper, silver and niello inlay, at the Virginia Museum of Art (USA).

This masterpiece depicts the historical buddha with his hands displaying the dharmacakra mudra. His lips are inlaid with copper, the white of his eyes and his urna with silver, his eyebrows and pupils with niello (a black metal alloy).

9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with silver inlay, Nyingjei Lam collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with silver inlay, Nyingjei Lam collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

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