Nepal, Cintamani Lokeshvara

16th century circa, Nepal, Chintamani Lokeshvara, wood and paint, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (USA).

16th century circa, Nepal, Chintamani Lokeshvara, wood and paint, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (USA).

This form of Avalokiteshvara, with one head and two hands, stands under a wish-fulfilling tree and usually displays the varada mudra with the right hand and holds a gem or a bunch of jewels at head level with his left hand. We have already seen a full size picture of the above (standing between 2 trees) in a previous post, published the wrong way round. This partial image shows him the right way round, with the jewels in the left hand.

Undated (Late Malla period), Nepal, Chintamani Lokeshvara, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Undated (Late Malla period), Nepal, Chintamani Lokeshvara, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Specific to the Newar culture, this form of Avalokiteshvara seems to have been particularly popular during the late Malla period. The above stands under one tree, with jewelled leaves.

17th century, Nepal, Avalokiteshvara, Chintamani, stone, photo by Marcel Nies on asianart.com

Chintamani Lokeshvara, Nepal, Malla Kingdoms, circa 1600. stone, photo by Marcel Nies, published on asianart.com

Like the first image, this Chintamani (or Cintamani) Lokeshvara stands between two trees that meet to form an arch. There is an effigy of Amitabha at the top, a kneeling monkey to the right of the bodhisattva above head level, a bird on the other side, gems and flowers in the tree. He holds a circular gem in his right hand and a bunch of gems in the other. A devotee is kneeling at his feet while another figure is carrying a bag of riches away. He is adorned with the traditional floral jewellery and a thick garland of woven leaves and flowers.

Chintamani Lokeshvara, Nepal, 1613, stone, at Svayanbhu, Nepal.

Chintamani Lokeshvara, Nepal, 1613, stone, at the Svayambhu Museum, Nepal.

This is a similar (but larger) work, without the two figures at his feet. The jewels on the tree(s) are studded with red stones or glass.

17th century, Nepal, Cintamani Lokeshvara, gilt copper and stones, at the Nelson Atkins Museum (USA).

17th century, Nepal, Cintamani Lokeshvara, gilt copper and stones, at the Nelson Atkins Museum (USA).

On this metal sculpture he holds a wish-granting gem in the right hand, held in varada mudra, and a bunch of jewels in the other. The lotus pedestal with the tree is missing but this is the only form of Avalokiteshvara with jewels in the left hand and the other displaying the gesture of generosity.

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