Late Malla Prajnaparamita

16th-17th century, Nepal, Prajnaparamita, gilt copper repoussé and stones, private collection, photo by Christie's.

16th-17th century, Nepal, Prajnaparamita, gilt copper repoussé and stones, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Prajnamparamita, mother of all buddhas, is shown here in her one- face and four-arm form, holding her main attribute, a manuscript, in her upper left hand. The upper right hand, which probably held a rosary, is doing the teaching gesture, while the main hands display the dharmacakra mudra (turning the wheel of dharma). She wears a V-shaped necklace and big armbands, an incised scarf that forms an arch behind her and a plain dhoti with an incised hem, all typical of the period. She almost certainly wore large circular earrings studded with turquoise, now lost.

Same as before, private collection, published on the saleroom-com.

16th-17th century, Nepal, Prajnaparamita, copper alloy, private collection, published on the saleroom-com.

Apart from the rosary and manuscript in her upper hands, she may have a lotus in her lower left hand, while the remaining hand displays the gesture of supreme generosity.

17th-18th century, Nepal, Prajnaparamita, stone stele, private collection, published on en-expertissim.com.

17th-18th century, Nepal, Prajnaparamita, shale stone, private collection, published on en.expertissim.com.

On this stele, the deity is standing and holding the same attributes. There is a second manuscript in her upper left hand together with the rosary, and the lotus is missing from her lower left hand. This form of Prajnaparamita is sometimes mistaken for Vasudhara, but the upper right hand would be held away from the face, in the gesture of accomplishing music, whereas Prajnaparamita holds it towards her face.

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