Nepal, deities with mongoose

16th-17th century, Nepal or Tibet, Jambhala, copper alloy, at the Dallas Museum of Art.

16th-17th century, (Nepal or Tibet), ‘Ucchusma Jambhala trampling Kubera’, bronze, at the Dallas Museum of Art.

Black Jambhala, wears a tiger skin dhoti and holds a jewel-spitting mongoose in his left hand and a skull cup in the other. He stands on the god of wealth, who is vomiting jewels and holds a flaming jewel in is right hand and a jewel-spitting mongoose in his left hand. He has a Nepalese-style face with a small oval chin and a large raised urna on his forehead, heavy turquoise-inlaid jewellery, mitre-like flaming hair adorned with a low tiara and various buddhas. The unfinished eyes, the  large nipple and the large effigy of Amitabha at the front are reminiscent of much earlier Tibetan sculptures.

17th century, Nepal, Jambhala, copper alloy with silver-inlaid eyes, private collection, published by cambiaste.com

17th century, Nepal, Jambhala, copper alloy with silver-inlaid eyes, private collection, published on cambiaste.com

Yellow Jambhala holds a citron and  a mongoose, his right foot placed on a vase with lotus buds attached to the base. He wears a richly incised dhoti and has Indian-style silver-inlaid eyes.

16th century, Nepal, labelled Jambhala, terracotta, bears Nepalese date equivalent to 1594-1595 AD, private collection, photo by Christie's.

16th century, Nepal, labelled Jambhala, terracotta, bears Nepalese date equivalent to 1594-1595 AD, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

This powerful-looking character is in fact Vaishravana, guardian of the North and a wealth deity, seated on a lion, dressed in full armour and boots, holding a closed parasol in his right hand and a mongoose in the other.

18th century, Nepal, tantric form of Kubera, at the Pacific Asia Museum (USA).

18th century, Nepal, labelled ‘tantric form of Kubera’, at the Pacific Asia Museum (USA).

This is Red Jambhala, with three heads and six hands, standing on two victims, holding a mongoose spitting jewels in each of his lower hands, a jewel and a skull cup filled with gems with his middle hands, a lasso and a (missing) hook in his upper hands. He wears a tiger skin dhoti and is adorned with snakes and a serpentine scarf, his hair is gathered into a single top knot fastened with a snake.

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