Nepal, Khasa Malla (12)

13th-14th century, Nepal, Khasa Malla kingdom, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper alloy and stones, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

13th-14th century, Nepal, Khasa Malla region, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper alloy and stones, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

There are several forms of Avalokiteshvara with one head and four arms. On this rare sculpture, the position of the main hands (anjali mudra, prayer) corresponds to Shadakshari Lokeshvara, who he is normally seated and holds a rosary in his upper left hand  and a lotus in the other (possibly missing here). Large lotus flowers are fastened to his main arms. He wears a five-leaf crown, stone-inlaid princely jewellery, a beaded sacred thread. His hair has been dyed with lapis lazuli powder, an indication that it was made outside the Kathmandu Valley.

13th-14th c., Nepal, Khasa Malla, Avalokiteshvara, gilt c.a.+gems, 4 hands, anjali+pos. missing stems, may be Shadakshari, 23,8 cm, belt, Bonhams

His short dhoti is decorated with circular incisions in groups of five to form flowers, his belt is studded with turquoise cabochons.

13th-14th c., Nepal, Khasa Malla, Avalokiteshvara, gilt c.a.+gems, 4 hands, anjali+pos. missing stems, may be Shadakshari, 23,8 cm, hands, Bonhams

The way the joints are delineated at the back of his hands is proper to the Khasa Malla region.

13th-14th c., Nepal, Khasa Malla, Avalokiteshvara, gilt c.a.+gems, 4 hands, anjali+pos. missing stems, may be Shadakshari, 23,8 cm, Bonhams

Also, there is a lotus flower on each side of his crown instead of the usual rosettes and bows, and the back of the sculpture is relatively unfinished, this last point is often associated with Khasa Malla art.

13th-14th century, Nepal, Khasa Malla region, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie's.

13th-14th century, Nepal or Tibet, Khasa Malla region, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

This is a traditional image of the historical buddha seated in the vajra position with his right hand calling Earth to witness and his left hand in the gesture of meditation.

13th-14th c., Nepal, Khasa Malla, Shakyamuni, gilt c.a., 55,1 cm, delineated joints, Christie's

The incisions that delineate the joints at the back of his hands are exclusive to the Khasa Malla region.

13th-14th c., Nepal, Khasa Malla, Shakyamuni, gilt c.a., 55,1 cm, rice grain incisions, Christie's

And the way his sanghati forms an S across the chest, and has an incised rice grain pattern on the hem is usually associated with Khasa Malla art.

13th-14th c., Nepal, Khasa Malla, Shakyamuni, gilt c.a., 55,1 cm, upturned earlobes, Christie's

The grooved V-shaped eyebrows, beaked nose, semi-closed eyes and small mouth with a bow-shaped upper lip are typical of Nepalese art. The fleshy face,  round urna (once studded with a stone)  and pronounced chin are typical of Tibetan works. He has elongated earlobes with a long incision at the centre and the upper part forming an S.

 

 

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