Nepal, Yellow Jambhala or Kubera

13th century, Nepal, Jambhala or Kubera, gilt copper, at the Fondation Alain Bordier (Switzerland).

13th century, Nepal, Jambhala or Kubera, gilt copper, at the Fondation Alain Bordier (Switzerland).

This looks like Yellow Jambhala, seated with a leg unfolded, holding a jewel-spitting mongoose with his left hand, but he would normally hold a citron in his right hand held out in the varada mudra, whereas here he does the kartari mudra. On the other hand, Kubera is rarely seen in Himalayan Buddhism and he would normally hold a mace, a pomegranate or a monkey in his right hand.

15th century, Nepal, Yellow Jambhala, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

15th century, Nepal, Yellow Jambhala, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

This Yellow Jambhala, with citron and mongoose, is seated on a lotus pedestal with two rows of flat broad petals. He is adorned with princely jewellery and crown, and wears a broad sash across his chest and a long dhoti decorated with an incised pattern.

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