Padmapani, early Malla period (6)

14th century, Nepal, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper alloy and gemstones, at the Norton Simon Museum (USA).

14th century, Nepal, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper alloy and gemstones, at the Norton Simon Museum (USA).

In previous posts we saw him mainly with his right hand in the varada mudra. This is a variant (with broken feet, unfortunately) with the hand doing the abhaya mudra, and displaying an incised rhombus with a circle in it (diamond and lotus symbols). There is no urna on his forehead.

14th c., Nepal, Padmapani, gilt c.a.+ stones, 15 cm, kirtimukha in crown, NSM

The mythical creature on the central panel of his crown is likely to be Kirtimukha, topped with a flower inlaid with (some missing) cabochons.

14th c., Nepal, Padmapani, gilt c.a.+ stones, 15 cm, incised dhoti, NSM

His dhoti is incised with a large floral motif and held in place with a  belt studded with clear gemstones forming a large flower. His broad and tight-fitting sash is knotted above knee level.

Same as before, private collection, photo by Christie's.

Same as before, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Unlike the Newari sculptures made in the Kathmandu Valley, this image is more rigid, has marked knee caps, a plain dhoti and lapis lazuli powder in its hair.

14th c., Nepal, Padmapani, gilt c.a.+gems, 32,5 cm, thick lotus, Christie's

The deity holds a multi-layered lotus flower only partly open. The central panel of his crown is decorated with Kirtimukha and gemstones. There is a rectangular urna on his forehead.

14th-15th century, Nepal, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper or copper alloy, at the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (The Netherlands)

14th-15th century, Nepal, Avalokiteshvara, gilt copper or copper alloy, at the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (The Netherlands).

14th-15th c., Nepal, Avalokiteshvara Padmapani, gilt cop. or c.a., 29,2 cm, Kirtimukha, Rijksmuseum

On this example, also with Kirtimukha and gemstones on his crown, we will notice the unusual floral earrings used as hoops.

14th-15th c., Nepal, Avalokiteshvara Padmapani, gilt cop. or c.a., 29,2 cm, gem in hand, Rijksmuseum

There is an incised rhombus and a small gem in the palm of his hand. He wears a short dhoti decorated with an incised floral motif and held in place with the usual belt and sash knotted to one side, and princely jewellery including rings on his left hand.

14th century circa, Nepal, bodhisattva, copper alloy, at the Capital Museum in Beijing, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

14th century circa, Nepal, bodhisattva, copper alloy, at the Capital Museum in Beijing, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

This is almost certainly Avalokiteshvara although the absence of a lotus and the fact that his left hand is doing the tarjani mudra leaves room for doubt as to whether this is the padmapani form.

14th cir., Nepal, Padmapani prob., brass, tarjani+varada, small object in palm, Capital Museum in Beijing on HAR

But the right hand is held in the varada mudra and displays an incised diamond and a small gem, as on the previous image.

 

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s