Nepal, early Malla buddhas – seated (2)

14th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.

14th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Koller.

This handsome buddha with broad shoulders and a serene face has a round urna on his forehead, a conical chignon+finial, elongated ear lobes that reach the shoulders. The hem of his robe is decorated with an incised pattern.

14th-15th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie's.

14th-15th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

On this example, complete with lotus pedestal, he also has a conical hair style. The sanghati goes straighter across the chest.

14th-15th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

14th-15th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

During the Licchavi period, double-lotus pedestals usually had a single layer of broad, flat petals incised at the centre. During the Transitional period, the lower row acquired a second layer of petals, sometimes quite plump. Malla period double-lotus pedestals often have two rows of two and even three layers of petals, and sometimes an incised motif below, as above. This buddha has Tibetan facial features (square face, generous lips and nose, eyes more open) and a round chignon topped with a small finial, the hem of his robe is decorated with two rows of beading. There is a vajra before him.

15th century circa, Nepal, Shakyamuni, same as before.

15th century circa, Nepal, Shakyamuni, same as before.

This other figure has unusually big hair curls that contrast with his small oval face. The artist also chose thick beading for the pedestal, which supports a small vajra, and a second layer of domed petals.15th c. cir., Nepal, Shakyamuni, vajra, cakra lakshana on hands+feet, 11,1 cm, curlicue pattern on hem, soles+palms, Bonhams

The hem of his sanghati is decorated with an incised pattern and more beading. There is a raised lotus flower on the soles of his feet and the palm of his hands.

15th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie's.

15th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

This is another ornate lotus base, with three layers of petals on each row, thick beading and an incised floral pattern at the bottom. The buddha has broad shoulders, a thin waist, an unusual face with slanted eyes and a tiny mouth, framed by a couple of turquoise-inlaid rosettes worn above the ears. Other unusual details are the hem from the inner part of the robe showing on his right side and the various layers of pleated fabric geometrically arranged over his left shoulder.

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