From the early Malla period onwards, many Nepalese sculptures of the historical buddha depict him with a crown, and sometimes earrings – a tradition that comes from India. Crowned buddhas usually do the dhyana and bhumisparsha mudras. The above figure is seated on a cushion decorated with a stippled floral motif, over a lion throne, with a row of lotus petals going downwards and a plinth with cut out vegetation. His robe covers the left shoulder and both breasts, which is singular.
On this work, the robe has a double hem decorated with incisions and thick beading. The ribbons of his crown are inlaid with turquoise. There is a lotus finial on top of his chignon.
14th-15th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper and stone inlay, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.
The above has a stone-inlaid crown and rosettes, a large raised urna, and there is a vajra on the pedestal before him.
15th century, Nepal, Shakyamuni, gilt copper alloy, private collection,
This buddha’s dhoti has a crenellated waistband.
This one wears a necklace and could be an image of Akshobhya, but dhyani buddhas in their bodhisattva appearance normally wear armbands, bracelets and anklets too, whereas dharma wheels incised on the soles of his feet indicate that it is Shakyamuni.