Kashmir, 8th century buddhas

8th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, black schist, at the British Museum (UK).

8th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, black schist, at the British Museum (UK).

Flanked by Vajrapani and Avalokiteshvara (Padmapani), the historical buddha is seated on a throne supported by two lions and a yaksha over a plinth decorated with a kneeling figure at the front.

8th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, brass with silver-inlaid eyes, private collection, photo by Christie's.

8th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, brass with silver-inlaid eyes, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

He holds the end of his garment in his left hand and does the abhaya mudra (fear-allaying gesture). The robe, which covers both shoulders, has concentric folds at the front.

Same as  before, limestone, at the Sri Pratap Singh Museum in Srinagar (India).

Same as before, limestone, at the Sri Pratap Singh Museum in Srinagar (India).

This stone sculpture depicts Shakyamuni in his crowned buddha form. The crescent moon design of his headdress is typical of Kashmir.

8th-9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, brass with silver inlay, private collection, photo by Christie's.

8th-9th century, Kashmir, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with silver inlay, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

He is seated in the vajra position, his hands doing the dharmacakra mudra. One end of his robe is arranged over his shoulder and folded down the back, forming a cascade of soft pleats.

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