Tibet, Yamantaka (2)

Undated, Tibet, Krishna Yamari, gilt copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Undated (12th century or earlier?), Tibet, Krishna Yamari, copper alloy with traces of gilding, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Yamantaka (‘enemy of Yama’/’destroyer of death’) is a generic term referring to various forms. One of them is Krishna Yamari,  an emanation of Manjushri.

This early sculpture depicts him with a peaceful head, 2 arms, 2 legs, standing on a buffalo with his left leg over the head of the animal, clad in a tiger skin dhoti and adorned with the 8 snake ornaments, one of them to tie his flaming hair. His right hand appears to have held a sword, he does the karana mudra with the other.

14th century, Tibet, Krishna Yamari, gilt copper alloy and pigment, is or was at the gTsug Lakhang, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

14th century, Tibet, Krishna Yamari, gilt copper alloy and pigment, is or was at the gTsug Lakhang, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

This is the three-head six-hand form, with the consort. He has wrathful faces with three eyes and bared fangs, the flaming hair tied into a bunch with a snake, and is adorned with skull crowns and a garland of freshly severed heads. In his right hands he holds a vajra, a sword and a skull cup containing an object. In his left hands he holds a vajra hammer, a ploughshare and a skull cup filled with blood. They stand on two corpses on a pedestal decorated with two bulls and a lotus flower.

15th-16th century, Tibet, wrathful Manjushri, bronze, private collection.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Yamantaka, bronze with stone inlay, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

Again with three wrathful faces and six arms, but without the consort, adorned with the skull crowns, garland of freshly severed heads, snakes and tiger skin loincloth, standing on a double-lotus base over a plinth decorated with bulls. He holds various attributes including a vajra in his lower right hand and a vajra pestle in his middle left hand.

15th-16th c., Tibet, Krishna Yamari, labelled Yamantaka, c.a., 28,9 cm, garuda on head

He has a garuda (khyung in Tibetan) on his head and on his top arms.

15th-16th c., Tibet, Krishna Yamari, labelled Yamantaka, c.a., 28,9 cm, deity on chest with deity on chest

On his chest, there is a cross belt with a deity brandishing a lotus, and on its chest an effigy of the same deity…

 

 

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