Tibet, Yaksha generals (2)

16th century, Tibet, Yaksha general (labelled Kubera), brass with stone and coral inlay, at the Pacific Asia Museum (USA)

16th century, Tibet, Yaksha general (labelled Kubera), brass with copper, stone and coral inlay, at the Pacific Asia Museum (USA).

The sword in a sheath in his right hand, in conjunction with the mongoose on the other side, identifies this figure as one of the twelve Yaksha generals. Seated on a cloth over a throne decorated with lions, he wears elegant silk garments and scarf, a five-leaf crown and some jewellery. His mongoose disgorges jewels. Unlike other sculptures on the same theme, he is  youthful, without facial hair, and not very pot-bellied.

17th century, Tibet, Yaksha general, gilt copper alloy, same as before.

17th century, Tibet, Yaksha general (labelled Kubera), gilt copper alloy, same as before.

It is not clear what this one holds in his right hand but it isn’t any of the attributes associated with Kubera (money bag,  pomegranate or mace) or Yellow Jambhala (citron).

18th-19th century, Tibet, Yaksha general, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Sotheby's.

18th-19th century, Tibet, Yaksha general, gilt copper alloy, private collection, photo by Sotheby’s.

This one, on the other hand, clearly holds the sheath of a (missing) sword. He wears a floral crown with rosettes and serpentine ribbons, beaded jewellery, a long dhoti with  embroidered cuffs, a celestial scarf with one end tucked under the sash that goes across his chest. He sits on a ‘modern’ single-lotus base over a couple of cushions.

18th century, Tibet, Yaksha general, gilt copper alloy, at the Art Institute of Chicago.

18th century, Tibet, Yaksha general, gilt copper alloy, at the Art Institute of Chicago.

This general holds his right hand in the karana mudra and may have held a vajra or a noose.

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