Tibet, Achala (10)

15th-16th century, Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, at the Honolulu Museum of Art.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, at the Honolulu Museum of Art, published on wikipedia.

His face painted with cold gold, his flaming hair died with orange pigment and topped with a small buddha,  adorned with jewellery and snakes, Achala brandishes his sword in his right hand and holds a (snake) noose in the other while doing the tarjani mudra. He stands on Ganapati, who holds an attribute (possibly a rose apple) in each hand.

Same as before, gilt copper with pigments and stones, is or was at the Jokhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

Same as before, gilt copper with pigments and stones, is or was at the Jokhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

The tip of his sword sometimes ends with flames, as above. He wears an incised celestial scarf that forms an arch behind his heads and some loops at elbow level, a skull crown, stone-inlaid jewellery and snake jewellery, a snake tied into sacred cord, worn over his belly. No elephant-headed deity under his feet.

16th century, Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, at the Rubin Museum of Art (USA).

16th century, Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, at the Rubin Museum of Art (USA).

This one, on the other hand, doesn’t seem to be wearing a tiger skin dhoti. He holds a sword and a lasso.

16th c., Tibet, Achala, bronze+ turq., 22,86 cm, buddha in chignon

His mitre-like flaming hair is fastened with a couple of cobras/hood-snakes on which a small buddha is sitting. He wears a long snake as a sacred cord and smaller ones as bracelets and anklets.

16th-17th century, Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie's.

16th-17th century, Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

This is another example with flaming sword and serpentine sacred cord worn like a long necklace (over the front of his body). He wears a tiger skin loin cloth, the head of the animal shows over his right thigh, its paws dangle in the middle. His left hand does the karana mudra.

16th-17th c., Tibet, Achala, c.a., 10,5 cm, tiger skin, naga, close up

His facial features and the design of his earrings reveal a Chinese influence. The latter also help date the piece towards the 16th century onwards. Although the pedestal is missing, his raised (right) foot indicates that he originally stood over Ganapati.

17th century (or earlier?), Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, at the Rubin Museum of Art (USA).

17th century (or earlier?), Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, at the Rubin Museum of Art (USA).

Adorned with a princely crown with rosettes and flowing ribbons, princely jewellery, a celestial scarf, snakes, holding a sword and a lasso, this Achala does the tarjani mudra with his left hand. The ends of his loin cloth drop to the pedestal.

17th c., Tibet, Achala, bronze, 33,02 cm, buddha in headdress

There is a buddha in his headdress.

 

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