Tibet, Achala (9)

15th century, Tibet, Achala, bronze, at the Rubin Museum of Art (USA).

15th century, Tibet, Achala, bronze, at the Rubin Museum of Art (USA).

Standing on Ganapati, sword in the right hand, lasso and tarjani mudra in the other, Achala wears a tiger skin loin cloth, some jewellery, snakes, a foliate crown with flowing ribbons, a thin scarf.

Same as before, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Same as before, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

His sword is broken but the presence of the elephant-headed deity under his feet and the gesture of his left hand and the noose he holds identify him as Achala. He wears a snake knotted across his chest to act as a sacred cord and snake bracelets and anklets.

15th century, Tibet, Achala, Densatil style, gilt copper alloy and stone inlay, private collection.

15th century, Tibet, Achala, Densatil style, gilt copper alloy and stone inlay, private collection.

Here the celestial scarf forms an arch behind his head. His jewellery and crown are inlaid with gemstones.

15th century, Tibet, Achala, gilt copper, stones and pigments, is or was at the Jokhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

15th century, Tibet, Achala, gilt copper, stones and pigments, is or was at the Jokhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

On this  sculpture the markings on the tiger skin around his hips look like flames. His face is painted with cold gold, his facial features with pigments –  orange for the hair and eyebrows. His jewellery is inlaid with turquoise (some stones missing). Below his feet, Ganapati holds an (unidentified) attribute in his hand.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie's.

15th-16th century (or earlier?), Tibet, Achala, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

This dark copper alloy sculpture depicts him kneeling on a Pala style lotus base, sword in right hand, tarjani mudra and noose in the other.

15th-16th c., Tibet, Achala, c.a., 16 cm, tarjani+lasso, incised dhoti+beaded belt, sil.eyes, close up

His eyes are inlaid with silver, his hair is piled up in a tall chignon decorated with foliate panels which are incised with a geometrical pattern. His sword, eyebrows, beard and the band of his skull crown are also incised. The overall style recalls some 12th century circa sculptures from the Ngari district in Western Tibet, some of them with similar earrings.

15th-16th c., Tibet, Achala, c.a., 16 cm, tarjani+lasso, incised dhoti+beaded belt, sil.eyes, body

His loin cloth is decorated with a stippled floral motif and two rows of beading that matches his belt and his bone jewellery (no snakes or tiger skin). It is tied at the front and the pleated ends of the cloth form a zig-zag shape that matches those of his scarf.

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