Tibet, Manjushri, namasangiti (2)

Undated, Tibet, Manjushri Namasangiti, brass with cold gold and pigments, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Undated (14th century circa?), Tibet, Manjushri Namasangiti, brass with cold gold and pigments, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

This meditational aspect of Manjushri may have one head and four arms, each holding an attribute: a bow, a sword, a blue lotus (utpala) topped with a book and an arrow. The above is seated on a double-lotus base with plump petals often seen on 13th and 14th century Tibetan sculptures, especially those made in Western Tibet.

13th-14th c?, Tibet, Manjushri Namasangiti, brass+pig., book on blue lotus+bow

The blue lotus has straight narrow petals with a sharp end to differentiate it from other lotuses.

Late 15th century, Tibet, Manjushri, brass inlaid with silver and copper, private collection, photo by Nagel.

Late 15th century, Tibet, Manjushri Namasangiti, brass inlaid with silver and copper, private collection, photo by Nagel.

The arrangement of the attributes is similar on this (Chinese) Yongle-style work (the arrow in one of his right hands is broken). His eyes are inlaid with silver and his lips with copper.

18th century, Tibet, Manjushri Namasangiti, gilt copper alloy, at the Victoria&Albert Museum in London (UK).

18th century, Tibet, Manjushri Namasangiti, gilt copper alloy, at the Victoria&Albert Museum in London (UK).

Manjushri Namasangiti may also have three heads and 6 hands, in which case he has the same attributes and two vajras, normally held in his middle hands over his heart. The above has lost his attributes except for the hilt of a sword. The way the ends of his celestial scarf rest rigidly at the front of the lotus base is typical of late (18th century onwards) Chinese-style works.

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