Tibet, Yellow Jambhala (6)

14th century, Tibet, Yellow Jambhala, brass, is or was at the gTsug Lakhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

14th century, Tibet, Yellow Jambhala, brass, is or was at the gTsug Lakhang in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

Dressed in bodhisattva attire, Jambhala is seated on a double-lotus base with large apple-like petals typical of Western Tibet, his right foot over a vase, a citrus fruit in his right hand, a mongoose spewing a string of jewels in the other, his celestial scarf and the long bows of his crown flying upward. His small chignon and the long strands of hair over his shoulders are dyed with lapis lazuli powder. His jewellery and the urna on his forehad are inlaid with stones.

Undated (15th century?), Tibet, Yellow Jambhala, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Undated (15th or 16th century?), Tibet, Yellow Jambhala, copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Yellow Jambhala, a wealth deity, is seated on a throne supported by two lions and decorated with  vases full of gems  and vajra symbols. His mongoose is spewing two long strands of jewels, he holds a citrus fruit (jambara or bijapura in sanskrit) in his right hand, his crown and jewellery are richly inlaid  in the manner of Densatil monastery sculptures but with bulkier stones.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Yellow Jambhala, private collection, photo by Mossgreen.

15th-16th century, Tibet, Densatil monastery, Yellow Jambhala, private collection, photo by Mossgreen.

Seated on a single-lotus base with broad upward-going petals, his right foot resting on a long-life vase, the mongoose spewing strands of jewels, an egg-shaped citrus fruit in his right hand, adorned with a crown, jewellery and a belt, his chignon topped with a finial, all with a profusion of small stones set in the metal.

16th century, Tibet, Yellow Jambhala, brass, private collection, photo by Christie's.

16th century, Tibet, Yellow Jambhala, brass, private collection, photo by Christie’s.

His elongated body and the unusual double-lotus base, together with the absence of gilding and the sobriety of his jewellery help date this piece before the 17th century.

16th c., Tibet, Jambhala, brass, 12,5 cm, close up

He wears a low floral tiara and large floral earrings, a double row of beads and matching bracelets and anklets, some armbands and a transparent lower garment.

16th c., Tibet, Jambhala, brass, 12,5 cm, detail

He holds a small object in his hand which is quite different to his usual egg-shaped a citrus fruit. It may be three gems known as norbu or a fruit made of three gems.

16th c., Tibet, Jambhala, brass, 12,5 cm, Christie's, lotus base

The shape of the petals on the lotus base is also singular.

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