Tibet, Padmasambhava (7)

16th century, Central Tibet, Tsang province, copper alloy, private collection, photo by Bonhams.

16th century, Central Tibet, Tsang atelier, Padmasambhava, copper alloy,  private collection, photo by Bonhams, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Padmasambhava is depicted with all three attributes (vajra in right hand, skull cup in left hand, ritual staff against left arm), dressed in full monastic robe including a meditation cloak over his shoulders, his lotus hat with a moon and sun symbol at the front and topped with a vulture feather.

16th c., Central Tibet, Tsang atelier, Padmasambhava, c.a.+turq., back

His pleated cloak is incised with scrolled vegetation throughout.

16th c., Central Tibet, Padmasambhava, c.a.+turq., face

The hem of his inner and outer garment is incised with a floral motif. His harmonious and serene face has silver-inlaid eyes and a turquoise-inlaid urna, his elongated earlobes are adorned with large floral earrings.

16th c., Central Tibet, Padmasambhava, c.a.+turq., top

His ritual staff (khatvanga) is made of two severed heads and a skull, topped with a trident (trisula).

16th century, Tibet, Padmasambhava, copper alloy, private collection.

16th century, Tibet, Padmasambhava, copper alloy, private collection.

On this sculpture, similar to several others published in the previous post, his garments are incised with a cloud and mist motif and the sun-and-moon symbol on his hat is also incised (rather than overlaid). The hole in the left forearm is probably where his (now missing) ritual staff was attached to the body.

16th c., Tibet, Padmasambhava, bronze, back

The pleats of his meditation cloak are very artistically arranged around a central panel. Even the collar and the back of the hat are incised, yet the back of the lotus base is plain, as is often the case with Tibetan sculptures, especially up to the 16th century.

Same as before, at the Newark Museum of Art (USA).

Same as before, gilt copper alloy, at the Newark Museum of Art (USA).

This is a mixed style work, with Chinese-style draping of the lower garment, a Nepalese-style lotus base with round petals, and various unusual features, such as the wires that hold the vulture feather on his hat and the shape of the ritual staff. Only the hem of his garments is incised.

Same as before.

Same as before.

The large hoops on his ears are quite common on sculptures from the 16th century onwards with a marked Chinese influence (in the draping of the garments and the shape of the (Yongle-style) lotus base). Nonetheless, he has Tibetan facial features and his hair has been painted with lapis lazuli powder, in the Tibetan fashion.

16th c., Tibet, Padmasambhava, gilt c.a., Newar, back

His patched robe and his hat are richly incised on both sides.

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