This double-lotus base with fat apple-like petals and a row of thick beading at the top is typical of Western Tibet. The hem of the lama’s garments has been inlaid with copper. He has a large urna on his forehead.
This is the same style but with smaller, less defined petals and a lower base.
The very large head of this lama suggests it was made separately from the rest of the body. This type of (Chinese) Yongle-style base in conjunction with the patched robe corresponds rather to the 15th century.
This is the same style but with smaller, narrower petals, larger beading and a lower base.
15th century, Tibet, lama, bronze with pigments, private collection, photo by Christie’s.
This (Indian) Pala-style base has a row of very large beading at the very bottom, a tall plain part, and a noticeable gap between the two rows of petals.
The lama’s robe is incised with a floral pattern. He has a large urna on his forehead.
Some 15th and 16th century gilt copper alloy sculptures made in Tibet have flat broad petals with a pointed end as above. The lama’s lips are painted red, the hem of his robe is incised with a floral pattern. One end of his upper garment forms a rectangular flap over his shoulder.
It is unusual for the petals to be so far apart from the beading, and for them to be so small compared with it.
This (Nepalese) Malla-style base has broad round petals with a slightly raised tip, topped with much smaller fat ones with a curly tip, between two rows of beading.
This is the same style in a broader and lower version.
This is even lower, with very broad round petals, and quite reminiscent of early Nepalese sculptures from the Licchavi period (8th-9th century).