Between the 5th and 7th centuries a number of copper alloy sculptures of the historical buddha produced in the Gandhara area, or in the Kashmir and Swat Valley area but following the Gandhara style, included what is often referred to as a mandorla with radiating spokes, The design consists in a row of beading and a row of ‘spikes’ made of an oblong piece (thought to be a lotus petal) topped with three precious jewels known as triratna, the overall impression being of sunlight radiating from the buddha.
The inner part of the back plate is often decorated with a sheaf design. The spikes on the above mandorlas consist in a floral design from shoulder to feet level. The robe of the buddha has transversal then concentric folds and ends in a round shape at the front.
This is a simpler mandorla with the same design all along the outer edge and a plain aureole. The body proportions are more harmonious although the head is a little large compared to the rest of the body. The draping of the robe follows the greco-buddhist style.
This buddha has more harmonious proportions but a very similar dress arrangement. Originally, it was probably on a plinth and with a spiked mandorla at the back.
This image, like the ones below, still has its plinth and back panel (mandorla)
This mandorla reaches to the feet of the figure and the top of the arch is decorated with a tall spike.
Occasionally, the nimbus and the rest of the back plate are overlapping. The aureole on this rare work is decorated with a rich floral and foliate design. The buddha has very large hair curls that contrast with his fine facial features.
This is another rare mandorla, decorated with flying geese on the inside, some of them with a strand of jewels in their beak.
This rare sculpture depicts the historical buddha as a child or teenager, dressed in a short dhoti. The nimbus includes three moon crescents, one a the top of the arch and one on each side at ear level. The aureole is decorated with a lotus flowers and buds vine motif.