Swat Valley area, Shakyamuni on lion throne

10th century, Swat Valley, Pakistan, Shakyamuni on lion throne, copper alloy and silver inlay, at the British Museum (London).

10th century, Swat Valley, Pakistan, Shakyamuni on lion throne, copper alloy and silver inlay, at the British Museum (London).

The historical buddha is seated in the lotus position, on an embroidered cushion, on a throne supported by two lions and resting on a double lotus with ‘artichoke leaves’, itself over a small plinth. Apart from the distinctive tassel, the front of the throne is decorated with a large lotus flower. The hair of the buddha consists of small circular incisions that represent the curls, his elongated eyes and the lotus-shaped urna on his forehead are inlaid with silver, in the Kashmiri fashion. He holds his hands in the turning-the-wheel of dharma position (dharmacakra mudra)The bottom end of his pleated robe is arranged into a floral (lotus) shape in front of him.

9th century, Swat Valley, Skakyamuni, dark bronze, at the British Museum (London).

9th century, Swat Valley, Skakyamuni, dark bronze, at the British Museum (London).

7th-8th century, Swat Valley, brass and pigments, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

7th-8th century, Swat Valley, Shakyamuni, brass, cold gold and pigments, is or was a the Potala in Lhasa, published by Ulrich von Schroeder.

7th-8th century, Swat Valley, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with pigments and silver inlay, private collection.

7th-8th century, Swat Valley, Shakyamuni, copper alloy with pigments and silver inlay, private collection.

On these two (older) examples, the lions have very curly manes and the hair on their chest is parted in the middle, just like a Gilgit sculpture from a previous post (on show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art). Also, the tassel on the first one is arranged in a trapezoidal shape, in the Gilgit fashion.

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