Tibet, Sonam Tsemo

15th century, Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, copper alloy, private collection, published on asianart.com.

15th century, Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, copper alloy, private collection, published on asianart.com.

Sonam Tsemo (1142-1182), famous Tibetan scholar and great Sakya master, is depicted with rows of thick curly hair, a smiling face, his eyes inlaid with silver. His richly incised monastic robe covers both arms and is topped with a meditation cloak. He is seated in the lotus position, his feet bare, on a single-lotus base with elongated curly petals between two rows of thick beading. The plain part of the base bears an inscription that identifies him.

16th century, Eastern Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, copper alloy with silver inlay, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

16th century, Eastern Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, copper alloy with silver and copper inlay, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

On this image, he has long matted hair that is combed back except for a few strands that fall on his shoulders. His eyes are inlaid with silver and his lips with copper. His hands do the dharmacakra mudra or ‘turning the wheel of dharma gesture’. There is an inscription on the lower part of the base.

Same, gilt copper alloy, photo by Koller.

16th century, Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, gilt copper alloy, photo by Koller.

Undated, Tibet, Sonam  Tsemo, gilt copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Undated, Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, gilt copper alloy, private collection, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

This curious sculpture portrays him with a large head, smooth hair, the face painted with cold gold and pigments,  and large hands, one of which holds a book. The hem of his robe and meditation cloak is incised with a geometrical motif.

Sonam Tsemo, undated, Tibet, metal+cold g.+pig., reverse

The reverse of his pleated cloak is decorated with clouds and the base bears an inscription.

Same.

Undated, Tibet, Sonam Tsemo, copper alloy, same.

Sonam Tsemo, wrapped in a monastic gown with long sleeves and fastened with a thin belt, is seated on a cushion, one leg unfolded, his feet covered with boots, supported by a single-lotus base with a row of wide curly petals going downwards, a row of thick beading and a plain part which bears an inscription that identifies him.

Sonam Tsemo, Tibet, undated, c.a., reverse

His gown is incised all over.

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His hands do the dharmacakra mudra, he holds a flaming jewel in the left one, the palm of the other hand bears is incised with a lotus. His eyes are inlaid with silver and his lips with copper.

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