Jambhala exists under several forms but in sculptures the most common one is the yellow form (thus called because his body is yellow on paintings). Yellow Jambhala is a wealth deity and an emanation of buddha Ratnasambhava. He is also an emanation of wordly protector Vaishravana, with whom he is often confused as they both hold a jewel-spitting mongoose in their left hand. However, unlike the lokapala, Jambhala is never dressed in armour and boots, he is adorned with bodhisattva attire and he holds an egg-shaped citrus fruit and sometimes a lotus leaf in his right hand. He has one head with three eyes. Some Indian sculptures show him with bared fangs and a garland of skulls but this is not a tradition in Tibet, where he normally smiles and wears a garland of flowers.
He may be standing, but is usually sitting, with one leg drawn in and the other foot resting on a lotus bud sometimes topped with a conch shell (on the above sculpture his foot is resting on a long-life vase and he has a long-life vase resting on his inner right arm). He usually has a fat belly and a jovial face.
This is one of many Pala-style sculptures of Yellow Jambhala. The British Museum has a very similar one on a lower base with a single row of lotus petals.
Undated, Tibet, bronze, at the British Museum.
This is a rare representation of Yellow Jambhala, with a very sturdy body, sitting on a double-lotus base adorned with effigies of a figure that looks very much like him.
The above figure has an exageratedly tall Pala-style chignon topped with a finial, a small crown held with ribbons and decorated with large bows, some large hoops on his ears, some jewellery and a garland of flowers around his neck. He has a broad Tibetan-style face and short sturdy limbs, his navel is a hole punched into the metal. The shape of the petals on the tall Pala-style lotus base is common to 13th and 14th century Tibetan works.
The above figure has very short legs compared to the rest of his body. Instead of a garland he is wearing a celestial scarf which forms a modest loop at elbow level.