Virupaksha is a worldly protector, guardian of the West and king of the Nagas. He is always depicted in armour and wearing thick boots but his headdress varies. He holds a stupa or a jewel in his right hand and a snake in the other.
This early example has curious body proportions, with the head much bigger and the arms much longer than would be expected. The absence of gilding or stone inlay, the style of his garments, the absence of a celestial scarf, the facial features all help dating the item to a relatively early period.
On this richly gilt and stone inlaid sculpture, the face has been painted with cold gold and pigments, probably at a much later date. His cloak fans out behind him and reaches down to the lotus base on which he stands.
The stupa and snake are visible on the above example.