Tibet, Virudhaka

One of the four worldly protectors or lokapalas, Virudhaka is the guardian of the South and king of the Khumbandas. He is traditionally represented in armour and thick boots, either standing or sitting, holding a sword in his right hand.

Undated, Tibet, Virudhaka, brass, at the Tibet House Museum in New Delhi, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

Undated, Tibet, Virudhaka, at the Tibet House Museum in New Delhi, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

On the above sculpture he is shown with bare feet. The sword is protected by a sheath which he strokes it with his left hand. His cherub-like face has been painted with cold gold and pigments.

17th century, Tibet, Virudhaka, painted wood, at the Museum der Kulturen in Basel, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

17th century, Tibet, Virudhaka, painted wood, at the Museum der Kulturen in Basel, published on Himalayan Art Resources.

On this wooden sculpture he is depicted with thick slanted eyebrows, a moustache and a beard (painted with blue pigment).

16th century, Tibet, Virudhaka, gilt copper alloy inlaid with stones, photo by Christie's.

16th century, Tibet, Virudhaka, gilt copper alloy inlaid with stones, photo by Christie’s.

 

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