Mongolia, Marici

17th century, Mongolia, Marichi, at the Rubin Museum of Art (USA).

17th century, Mongolia, gilt copper alloy, identified as goddess Marici, at the Rubin Museum of Art (USA).

Marici, the goddess of dawn, is holding a branch of ashoka tree in her left hand and a vajra or thunderbolt in her right hand. This sculpture is thought to be part of a set of three female deities made by Zanabazar himself. Zanabazar or Zanabazar school sculptures have a broad face with soft facial features, lips painted with red pigment, blue or black pigment on their hair, round broad shoulders and a thin waist, and lavish gilding. The seated ones are normally on a tall double-lotus base with large flat petals, thick beading at the top and a row of thinner beading at the bottom. The aesthetics differ greatly from Chinese-style sculptures found in Mongolia, as can be seen from the previous post on Mongolia. The following link explains the difference between the various styles found in Mongolia.


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