Nepal, late Licchavi period

9th century, Nepal, late Licchavi period, sitting buddha of the future Maitreya, copper alloy, private collection

9th century, Nepal, sitting buddha of the future Maitreya, copper alloy and pigment, private collection

The robe covers both shoulders and it is pleated from top to bottom. The way the abdomen muscles are marked around the navel are not common in Nepalese works, the artist may have had some connections with Kashmir.

9th century, Nepal, standing historical buddha Shakyamuni, at the British Museum (London)

9th century, Nepal, standing historical buddha Shakyamuni, gilt copper, at the British Museum (London)

The small halo attached to the shoulders, the slightly slanted and slender silhouette and the sobriety of the execution are all marks of the Licchavi period. The  base is unusual in that it is very tall and made of only one row of lotus petals instead of the more habitual wide flattish double lotus base below.

9th century, Nepal, bodhisattva Kshitigharba, copper alloy and pigment, private collection

9th century (or later copy?), Nepal, bodhisattva Kshitigharba, copper alloy and pigment, private collection.

This work probably belongs to the transitional period between the Licchavi and the Thakuri style. The cold gold on the face indicates that, at some stage, the statue travelled to Tibet where it was then painted with cold gold and pigments. He holds a set of three flaming jewels (triratna) in his left hand.

9th century, Nepal, buddha Shakyamuni, copper, at the Cleveland Museum of Arts (US)

9th century, Nepal, buddha Shakyamuni, copper, at the Cleveland Museum of Arts (US)

This buddha has unusually big curls and the sole of his feet is very visible. His pleated garment covers only one shoulder and is gathered in abundant and very neat pleats in front of him under his feet.

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